Effects of green manure crops and mulching technology on reduction in herbicide and fertilizer use during rice cultivation in Korea

Weon Tai Jeon, Bong Su Choi, Samy A.M.Abd El-Azeem, Yong Sik Ok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Green manure crops are primarily used in environmentally friendly agricultural practices to reduce the application of chemical fertilizer and herbicide. In this study, a two-year field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of paper and plastic mulching with hairy vetch alone or in combination with barley on weed control and rice yield. In addition, treatment effects on soil redox potential (Eh) and the concentration of ammonium (NH4 +) in rice paddy were investigated. The results showed that plastic film (10 or 20 μm) and paper mulching with hairy vetch alone had no significant effects on weed density and rice yield when compared with conventional practice (herbicide and fertilizer application) during the first year. However, during the second year, plastic film (20 μm) with partial tillage of hairy vetch alone increased rice yield and decreased weed occurence; but barley and hairy vetch mixture showed opposite trends. Plastic film mulching led to a decrease in soil redox potential, mainly due to the decomposition of soil organic matter. In addition, plastic film mulching increased NH4 + -N contents in rice paddy soil. These results suggest that the combination of plastic film with hairy vetch and barley mixture can be used in rice fields to reduce the use of chemical fertilizer and herbicide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalAfrican Journal of Biotechnology
Volume10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan 3
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Vicia villosa
Manure
Vicia
plastic film
Fertilizers
green manures
Herbicides
mulching
Korea
Plastics
Korean Peninsula
herbicides
fertilizers
Technology
rice
paddies
Hordeum
Soil
crops
barley

Keywords

  • Green manure
  • Hairy vetch
  • Mulching
  • Rice
  • Weed control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

Cite this

Effects of green manure crops and mulching technology on reduction in herbicide and fertilizer use during rice cultivation in Korea. / Jeon, Weon Tai; Choi, Bong Su; El-Azeem, Samy A.M.Abd; Ok, Yong Sik.

In: African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 10, No. 1, 03.01.2011, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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