In this study, pre-biodiesel-production lipid extraction from microalgae (Chlorella vulgaris) was performed. The yield-enhancing effects of ionic liquid blends on the lipid extraction were investigated. The initial fatty acids content of the C.vulgaris was 292.2mg/g cell. The lipid extraction yield using single ionic liquids was compared with the yield obtained with organic solvents and ionic liquid mixtures, respectively. The yield by hexane-methanol solvent was 185.4mg/g cell. Among the 12 ionic liquids, 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium acetate, 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium diethylphosphate, 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium tetrafluoroborate, and 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium chloride showed high (>200.0mg/gcell) lipid extraction yields. Although the yields of 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium ethyl sulfate and 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium thiocyanate were only 60.5 and 42.7mg/g cell, respectively, the yield for their mixture (weight ratio of 1:1) was improved to 158.2mg/g cell. Similarly, whereas the lipid extraction yield of 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium hydrogen sulfate was just 35.2mg/g cell, that for its mixture with 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium thiocyanate (weight ratio of 1:1) was boosted to 200.6mg/g cell. Overall, the synergistic effects of the ionic liquid mixtures with different anions improved the lipid extraction yield of C.vulgaris.
- 1-Ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium cation
- Chlorella vulgaris
- Ionic liquid mixtures
- Lipid extraction
- Microalgal oil
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment