Effects of La2O3 on ZrO2 supported Ni catalysts for autothermal reforming of CH4

Sun Hee Park, Byung Hee Chun, Sung Hyun Kim

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of La2O3 content in Ni-La-Zr catalyst was investigated for the autothermal reforming (ATR) of CH4. The catalysts were prepared by the coprecipitation method and had a mesoporous structure. Temperature programmed reduction (TPR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) indicated that a strong interaction developed between Ni species and the support with the addition of La2O3. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and H2-pulse chemisorption showed that the addition of La2O3 led to well dispersed NiO molecules on the support. Ni-La-Zr catalysts gave much higher CH4 conversion than Ni-Zr catalyst. The Ni-La-Zr containing 3.2 wt% La2O3 showed the highest activity. The optimum conditions for maximal CH4 conversion and H2 yield were H2O/CH4=1.00, O2/CH4=0.75. Under these conditions, CH4 conversion of 83% was achieved at 700 °C. In excess O2 (O2/CH4>0.88), the catalytic activity was decreased due to sintering of the catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-408
Number of pages7
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb

Keywords

  • Autothermal
  • Lanthanum
  • Methane
  • Nickel Catalyst
  • Reforming
  • Zirconium Oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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