The present study was designed to determine the effects of leptin on lipid metabolism and gene expression during differentiation and maturation of the 3T3-L1 murine preadipocyte. The preadipocytes were induced to differentiate in a growth medium containing 10% calf serum and a hormonal cocktail for 2 days. The cells were next allowed to maturate for 14 days in the growth medium supplemented with 10 μg/ml insulin or 500 ng/ml insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I in the absence or presence of supplemented leptin. Leptin, at a dose of 5 to 500 ng/ml, had no effect on proliferation of undifferentiated 3T3-L1 cells. However, leptin suppressed the insulin- or IGF-I-stimulated lipid accumulation and enhanced the release of glycerol, a measure of lipolysis, in a dose-dependent manner during and after the maturation of the cell. Moreover, leptin at a dose of 50 ng/ml inhibited IGF-I gene expression during the entire differentiation and maturation and also peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR)-γ expression during late maturation as monitored by semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. However, leptin exerted no effect on the expression of transforming growth factor-β, CCAT/enhancer binding protein-α and PPAR-δ. Taken together, results suggest the anti-lipogenic and lipolytic effects of leptin in differentiating and mature adipocytes may have been partly mediated by suppressing the expression of PPAR-γ and IGF-I genes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism