Effects of marine atmosphere on the cell performance in molten carbonate fuel cells

Shin Ae Song, Hyun Goo Kim, Hyung Chul Ham, Jonghee Han, SukWoo Nam, Sung Pil Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of NaCl, a main component in seawater, on molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) performance is investigated using a single cell test with 1, 5, and 10 wt.% NaCl-impregnated cathodes for marine applications. The cell performance increases with increasing amounts of impregnated NaCl in the cathode. This cell performance enhancement is due to the reduction in the charge transfer resistance of the electrode. From the analysis of the electrolyte composition using the inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and ion chromatography (IC) methods after cell operation, it is confirmed that the Na+ ions are accumulated in the carbonate melts, and approximately 80 at.% of the Cl- ions are emitted into the anode outlet as HCl. Expecting that the emitted HCl causes severe corrosion of the utilities, the concentrations of accumulated Na + ions of emitted HCl in the anode outlet are calculated when air with a sea-salt particle concentration of 5-500 ugm-3 is supplied to the MCFC stack. Although HCl is a very corrosive gas, it is expected that the emitted HCl does not cause severe corrosion because, even at a high sea-salt concentration of 500 ugm-3, the emitted HCl concentration is low enough to operate the stack safely.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-22
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume232
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 31
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

molten carbonate fuel cells
Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC)
Ions
atmospheres
Anodes
Cathodes
outlets
Salts
cells
Corrosion
Marine applications
Ion chromatography
Caustics
corrosion
ions
anodes
cathodes
Carbonates
Inductively coupled plasma
salts

Keywords

  • Effects of impurity
  • Marine atmosphere
  • Molten carbonate fuel cell
  • Sodium chloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Effects of marine atmosphere on the cell performance in molten carbonate fuel cells. / Song, Shin Ae; Kim, Hyun Goo; Ham, Hyung Chul; Han, Jonghee; Nam, SukWoo; Yoon, Sung Pil.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 232, 31.01.2013, p. 17-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Song, Shin Ae ; Kim, Hyun Goo ; Ham, Hyung Chul ; Han, Jonghee ; Nam, SukWoo ; Yoon, Sung Pil. / Effects of marine atmosphere on the cell performance in molten carbonate fuel cells. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2013 ; Vol. 232. pp. 17-22.
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