Effects of Nucleating Agent on the Thermal Conductivity and Creep Strain Behavior of Rigid Polyurethane Foams Blown by an Environment-Friendly Foaming Agent

Robin Jang, Yeongbeom Lee, Kwang Ho Song, Woo Nyon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of liquid-type additive, methoxynonafluorobutane, on the morphology, thermal conductivity, creep strain, and mechanical strength of polyurethane (PU) foams with an environment-friendly foaming agent, hyrdofluoroolefin, were investigated. The methoxynonafluorobutane under the trade name of NOVEC likely acted as a nucleating agent during the formation of PU foams. When NOVEC was added in the amount of 3 parts per hundred polyol by weight (php), the cell size of the foam was minimal, and the cell size distribution was relatively uniform. At the NOVEC content of 3.0 php, the thermal conductivity of the PU foams was also minimal. This decrease in thermal conductivity was due to the smaller cell size of the foams lowering their thermal conductivity. At 3.0 php NOVEC content, the creep strain of the PU foams was minimal being 0.29% at 1,000 h. At 3.0 php NOVEC, the estimated creep strain of the PU foam exhibited the lowest creep strain of 3.47% at 50 years. As a result, at 3.0 php NOVEC content, the cell wall was relatively less fractured, resulting in a small deformation of the PU foam. These results suggest that the main factors in improving the thermal insulation properties and stability of the PU foams are smaller cell size and narrow cell size distribution.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
JournalMacromolecular Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • creep strain behavior
  • hydrofluoroolefin
  • morphology
  • polyurethane foam
  • thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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