We examined the possibility of employing the surface treatment of sapphire using reactive ion beam (RIB) pretreatment as an alternative process for GaN growth in metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). As a result of the RIB treatment, etching of the sapphire surface and the formation of a very thin, disordered AlON layer was observed which was partially crystallized during the main growth of GaN. Reduction in both dislocation density and lattice strain of GaN on RIB treated sapphire was obtained. Partial crystallization in the RIB layer promoted two-dimensional growth on the crystallized regions and relieved the misfit strain through relaxation of the disordered RIB layer. The optical properties of the GaN films could be optimized by the proper choice of the ion beam energy. The present results clearly show that RIB pretreatment of the sapphire surface can be used to improve the properties of GaN films grown by MOCVD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)