Effects of side chains on physical and photovoltaic properties of methyl thiophene-3-carboxylate containing dithienopyrrole-based copolymers

Min Ju Cho, Jangwon Seo, Seung Hee Yoon, Dong Hoon Choi, Paras N. Prasad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


To enhance the open circuit voltage (Voc) of bulk heterojunction (BHJ) polymer solar cells (PSCs) fabricated using dithieno[3,2-b:2′, 3′-d]pyrrole (DTP)-based copolymers, methyl thiophene-3-carboxylate was introduced as a weak acceptor into the polymer backbone. Two types of copolymers showed different optical and electrochemical properties even though both had an identical polymer backbone, with one of them having alkyl side chains tethered to the DTP unit. The energy level of the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) of PDTPMT-C11 with a Y-branched alkyl chain was -5.22 eV, which was lower by 0.53 eV than that of PDTPMT-C12 with linear alkyl chains. The PSC, fabricated using PDTPMT-C11 and [6,6]-phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM), showed a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 1.8% with a Voc of 0.73 V, while the PSC comprising PDTPMT-C12:PC71BM BHJ-PSC had PCE of 0.23%, which was limited by a relatively lower Voc (0.26 V) corresponding to the HOMO level (-4.69 eV) of PDTPMT-C12.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-27
Number of pages6
JournalSynthetic Metals
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 7



  • Conjugated polymer
  • Dithienopyrrole
  • Organic semiconductor
  • Polymer solar cells
  • Thiophene-3-carboxylate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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