Effects of soil water saturation on sampling equilibrium and kinetics of selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Pil Gon Kim, Ji Yeon Roh, Yongseok Hong, Jung-Hwan Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Passive sampling can be applied for measuring the freely dissolved concentration of hydrophobic organic chemicals (HOCs) in soil pore water. When using passive samplers under field conditions, however, there are factors that might affect passive sampling equilibrium and kinetics, such as soil water saturation. To determine the effects of soil water saturation on passive sampling, the equilibrium and kinetics of passive sampling were evaluated by observing changes in the distribution coefficient between sampler and soil (Ksampler/soil) and the uptake rate constant (ku) at various soil water saturations. Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) passive samplers were deployed into artificial soils spiked with seven selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In dry soil (0% water saturation), both Ksampler/soil and ku values were much lower than those in wet soils likely due to the contribution of adsorption of PAHs onto soil mineral surfaces and the conformational changes in soil organic matter. For high molecular weight PAHs (chrysene, benzo[a]pyrene, and dibenzo[a,h]anthracene), both Ksampler/soil and ku values increased with increasing soil water saturation, whereas they decreased with increasing soil water saturation for low molecular weight PAHs (phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene, and pyrene). Changes in the sorption capacity of soil organic matter with soil water content would be the main cause of the changes in passive sampling equilibrium. Henry's law constant could explain the different behaviors in uptake kinetics of the selected PAHs. The results of this study would be helpful when passive samplers are deployed under various soil water saturations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-92
Number of pages7
JournalChemosphere
Volume184
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Equilibrium passive sampling
  • Partition coefficient
  • Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)
  • Sampling kinetics
  • Soil water saturation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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