Objective Large randomized trials have failed to show a beneficial effect of statin treatment in chronic HF. The investigators tried to evaluate the long-term effects of statin therapy in patients with new onset heart failure (HF) following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods Between January 2008 and December 2011, a total of 13,616 AMI patients were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR) which was a prospective, multicenter, nationwide, web-based database of AMI in Korea. From this database, we studied 1,055 patients with AMI who had newly developed severe acute HF [left ventricular ejection fraction 40%] and were discharged alive. The patients were divided into two groups, a statin group (n = 756) and a no-statin group (n = 299).We investigated the one-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), including all-cause mortality, MI, and any revascularization of each group. We then performed a propensity-score matched analysis. Results In the original cohort, one-year MACEs were similar between the two groups (16.5% vs. 14.7% in the statin or no-statin groups; p = 0.47). Propensity-score matching yielded 256 pairs, and in that population we observed comparable results in terms of MACEs (18.0% vs. 12.5% in the statin or no-statin groups, p = 0.11) and mortality (5.1% vs. 3.5% in the statin or no-statin groups, p = 0.51). Cox-regression analysis revealed that statin therapy was not an independent predictor for occurrence of a MACE [Hazard ratio (HR) 1.11, 95% CI 0.79â€" 1.57, p = 0.54] or all-cause mortality (HR 1.42, 95% CI 0.75â€"2.70, p = 0.28). Conclusion Statin therapy was not associated with a reduction in the long-term occurrence of MACEs or mortality in survivors of AMI with severe acute HF in this retrospective cohort study.
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