Effects of surface roughness on the flow characteristics in PDMS microchannels

Young Min Kim, Woo Seung Kim, Sang Hoon Lee, Ju Yeoul Baek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fundamental understanding of liquid flow through microchannels is important to the design and optimization of microfluidic devices. The objective of the current study is to experimentally investigate the effects of surface roughness on the flow characteristics in rectangular PDMS microchannel with a hydraulic diameter ranging from 66.67 to 200 μm. The experimental results are compared with the predictions from the conventional laminar flow theory. A significant difference between the experimental data and the theoretical predictions is found. Experimental results indicate that the pressure gradient and flow friction in microchannels are higher than those from the conventional laminar flow theory. This may be attributed to the fact that there exists the effect of surface roughness of the microchannels. The present results with a surface roughness model are compared with the experimental results to examine the validity of the model. It is found that there is a good agreement between the experimental data and the numerical predictions with a surface roughness model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2005 3rd IEEE/EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnology in Medicine and Biology
Pages292-295
Number of pages4
Volume2005
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes
Event2005 3rd IEEE/EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnology in Medicine and Biology - Oahu, HI, United States
Duration: 2005 May 122005 May 15

Other

Other2005 3rd IEEE/EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnology in Medicine and Biology
CountryUnited States
CityOahu, HI
Period05/5/1205/5/15

Fingerprint

Microchannels
Surface roughness
Laminar flow
Pressure gradient
Microfluidics
Hydraulics
Friction
Liquids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Kim, Y. M., Kim, W. S., Lee, S. H., & Baek, J. Y. (2005). Effects of surface roughness on the flow characteristics in PDMS microchannels. In 2005 3rd IEEE/EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnology in Medicine and Biology (Vol. 2005, pp. 292-295). [1548452] https://doi.org/10.1109/MMB.2005.1548452

Effects of surface roughness on the flow characteristics in PDMS microchannels. / Kim, Young Min; Kim, Woo Seung; Lee, Sang Hoon; Baek, Ju Yeoul.

2005 3rd IEEE/EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnology in Medicine and Biology. Vol. 2005 2005. p. 292-295 1548452.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kim, YM, Kim, WS, Lee, SH & Baek, JY 2005, Effects of surface roughness on the flow characteristics in PDMS microchannels. in 2005 3rd IEEE/EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnology in Medicine and Biology. vol. 2005, 1548452, pp. 292-295, 2005 3rd IEEE/EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnology in Medicine and Biology, Oahu, HI, United States, 05/5/12. https://doi.org/10.1109/MMB.2005.1548452
Kim YM, Kim WS, Lee SH, Baek JY. Effects of surface roughness on the flow characteristics in PDMS microchannels. In 2005 3rd IEEE/EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnology in Medicine and Biology. Vol. 2005. 2005. p. 292-295. 1548452 https://doi.org/10.1109/MMB.2005.1548452
Kim, Young Min ; Kim, Woo Seung ; Lee, Sang Hoon ; Baek, Ju Yeoul. / Effects of surface roughness on the flow characteristics in PDMS microchannels. 2005 3rd IEEE/EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnology in Medicine and Biology. Vol. 2005 2005. pp. 292-295
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