A lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery system with bimetallic electrode additive, which limit the dissolution of intermediate lithium polysulfides, is studied. Palladium-cobalt (Pd3Co) nanoparticles are successfully employed as redox promoters in Li-S cells. These cells show high capacity retention and excellent Coulombic efficiency, which are attributed to the fast charge transfer of Pd3Co. Characterization of the Pd3Co nanoparticles isperformed via high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, fast Fourier transform analysis, energy-dispersive X-ray, and X-ray diffraction. At 0.1 C-rate, the initial discharge and charge capacities of the Pd3Co-sulfur electrodes are 1.24 and 1.36 times higher than those of the bare sulfur electrodes. During the first discharge cycle, the overpotential of the Pd3Co electrode (100 mV) is much lower than that of the bare sulfur cell (190 mV). After 200 cycles at 1.0 C-rate, the Pd3Co-sulfur electrodes deliver a discharge capacity of 544 mAh g-1 a high Coulombic efficiency (99.6%). Moreover, the capacity retention of Pd3Co cells is 83.9%. The inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data demonstrate that the Pd3Co nanoparticles can suppress the dissolution of lithium polysulfides and the shuttle effect. These results indicate that the reaction kinetics of the sulfur electrodes is enhanced by the Pd3Co nanoparticles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry