Purpose: To determine whether topical tranilast might reduce corneal haze through suppression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 synthesis in keratocyte after photorefractive keratectomy. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Methods: Photorefractive keratectomy was performed on 48 eyes of 28 white rabbits and 24 eyes in a tranilast group were treated with tranilast solution, and the other 24 eyes in control group were treated with saline after laser ablation. The grades of corneal haze at 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks after surgery were evaluated in 10 eyes of each group for comparison. Immunohistochemistry was performed on 10 eyes of each group, and Western blot analysis was done on 4 eyes of each group for studying TGF-β1 expression at postoperative day 7. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in corneal haze between 2 groups from week 1 to week 4 after surgery, but a significant difference was found at week 8 after photorefractive keratectomy (P =. 02). The mean number of keratocytes that expressed TGF-β1 in the tranilast group was 58.3 (±17.2), which showed significant difference, compared with that of the control group, 104.5 (±23.0) (P<.01). Western blot analysis also revealed that the amount of TGF-β1 in tranilast group was slightly less than the control group. Conclusions: Topical tranilast could reduce corneal haze by suppressing TGF-β1 expression in keratocytes after photorefractive keratectomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems