Effects of vibrations in marine environments on performance of molten-carbonate fuel cells

Min Goo Kang, Chang Whan Lee, Han Sae Dong, Seong Cheol Jang, Shin Ae Song, Hyun Seo Park, Sun Hee Choi, Hyung Chul Ham, Jonghee Han, SukWoo Nam, Sung Hyun Kim, Sung Pil Yoon

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Owing to the strengthening of environmental regulations, highly efficient and environmentally sustainable power supply systems have attracted significant attention as auxiliary power units (APUs) for marine applications. Among several candidates, molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFCs) is of particularly interest because it provides high efficiency with essentially no greenhouse gas emissions of NOxand SOx. In this study, the effects of vibrations caused by sea-waves and swells on the operation of MCFCs on marine ships are investigated. An MCFC single cell with a unit area of 100 cm2was tested in a vibration environment at an operating temperature of 620 °C. At a low sealing pressure (0.1 MPa), the performance of the cell decreased owing to increased mass-transfer resistance. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy revealed that using oxygen and CO2as the cathode reactants mitigates the degradation by the vibration induced mass-transfer resistance. In addition, the MCFC single cell is operated under various vibration conditions, including the resonance frequency (13 and 29 Hz). It was found that the vibration environment does not affect the performance of MCFCs under normal operating conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18732-18738
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 2

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Keywords

  • Auxiliary power units
  • Marine environments
  • Molten-carbonate fuel cell (MCFC)
  • Vibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Kang, M. G., Lee, C. W., Dong, H. S., Jang, S. C., Song, S. A., Park, H. S., Choi, S. H., Ham, H. C., Han, J., Nam, S., Kim, S. H., & Yoon, S. P. (2016). Effects of vibrations in marine environments on performance of molten-carbonate fuel cells. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 41(41), 18732-18738. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.02.134