Efficacy and tolerability of amlodipine camsylate/losartan 5/100-mg versus losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 100/12.5-mg fixed-dose combination in hypertensive patients nonresponsive to losartan 100-mg monotherapy

Soon Yong Suh, Taehoon Ahn, Jang Ho Bae, Do-Sun Lim, Seoung Uk Lee, Young Kwon Kim, Min Su Hyon, Won Ho Kim, Kyoo Rok Han, Hoon Ki Park

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Abstract

Purpose The aim of this study was to determine whether the efficacy and tolerability of amlodipine camsylate/losartan 5/100 mg/d (AML/LOS) are noninferior to those of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 100/12.5 mg/d (LOS/HCTZ) fixed-dose combination in hypertensive patients unresponsive to losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy.

Methods Male and female patients aged ≥18 years with hypertension despite 4-week, stable treatment with losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy were eligible for inclusion in this multicenter, randomized, double-blind study. Patients were randomly assigned to receive AML/LOS or LOS/HCTZ once daily for 8 weeks. The primary end point was the change from baseline to week 8 in sitting diastolic blood pressure (ΔsiDBP), and the secondary end points were the changes from baseline to 4 weeks in siDBP and sitting systolic BP (ΔsiSBP) and changes from baseline to 4 and 8 weeks in BP response rate. Tolerability was evaluated by physical examination, including vital sign measurement; laboratory analysis; and ECG.

Findings Of 275 patients screened at 9 cardiovascular centers, 199 were enrolled (AML/LOS, n = 101; LOS/HCTZ, n = 98), and 183 completed the study. The demographic characteristics were similar between the 2 groups (mean age, 51.56 [9.97] years; men, 70.53%). At 8 weeks, the mean ΔsiDBP values were -11.54 (7.89) and -9.05 (6.57) mm Hg in the AML/LOS and LOS/HCTZ groups, respectively (both, P < 0.0001 vs baseline). The mean difference between the 2 groups was -2.57 mm Hg, a nonsignificant difference, meaning that AML/LOS was noninferior to LOS/HCTZ with regard to the primary end point. At 8 weeks, the mean uric acid level was changed significantly from baseline in the LOS/HCTZ group (+0.41 [0.80] mg/dL; P < 0.0001) but not in the AML/LOS group (-0.12 [0.82] mg/dL), representing a significant intergroup difference (P < 0.0001). Nineteen patients each in the AML/LOS (18.81%) and LOS/HCTZ (20.00%) groups experienced ≥1 adverse event, with 4 (3.96%) and 3 (3.16%) patients, respectively, experiencing 1 or more events considered by the investigators to have been treatment related.

Implications The efficacy and tolerability of AML/LOS 5/100 mg/d was found to have been noninferior to those of LOS/HCTZ 100/12.5 mg/d in these hypertensive patients nonresponsive to losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1402-1411
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Therapeutics
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 10

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Amlodipine
Losartan
Blood Pressure
losartan drug combination hydrochlorothiazide
Vital Signs
Uric Acid
Double-Blind Method
Physical Examination
Electrocardiography
Age Groups
Research Personnel
Demography
Hypertension
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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Efficacy and tolerability of amlodipine camsylate/losartan 5/100-mg versus losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 100/12.5-mg fixed-dose combination in hypertensive patients nonresponsive to losartan 100-mg monotherapy. / Suh, Soon Yong; Ahn, Taehoon; Bae, Jang Ho; Lim, Do-Sun; Lee, Seoung Uk; Kim, Young Kwon; Hyon, Min Su; Kim, Won Ho; Han, Kyoo Rok; Park, Hoon Ki.

In: Clinical Therapeutics, Vol. 36, No. 10, 10.11.2014, p. 1402-1411.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Suh, Soon Yong ; Ahn, Taehoon ; Bae, Jang Ho ; Lim, Do-Sun ; Lee, Seoung Uk ; Kim, Young Kwon ; Hyon, Min Su ; Kim, Won Ho ; Han, Kyoo Rok ; Park, Hoon Ki. / Efficacy and tolerability of amlodipine camsylate/losartan 5/100-mg versus losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 100/12.5-mg fixed-dose combination in hypertensive patients nonresponsive to losartan 100-mg monotherapy. In: Clinical Therapeutics. 2014 ; Vol. 36, No. 10. pp. 1402-1411.
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abstract = "Purpose The aim of this study was to determine whether the efficacy and tolerability of amlodipine camsylate/losartan 5/100 mg/d (AML/LOS) are noninferior to those of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 100/12.5 mg/d (LOS/HCTZ) fixed-dose combination in hypertensive patients unresponsive to losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy.Methods Male and female patients aged ≥18 years with hypertension despite 4-week, stable treatment with losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy were eligible for inclusion in this multicenter, randomized, double-blind study. Patients were randomly assigned to receive AML/LOS or LOS/HCTZ once daily for 8 weeks. The primary end point was the change from baseline to week 8 in sitting diastolic blood pressure (ΔsiDBP), and the secondary end points were the changes from baseline to 4 weeks in siDBP and sitting systolic BP (ΔsiSBP) and changes from baseline to 4 and 8 weeks in BP response rate. Tolerability was evaluated by physical examination, including vital sign measurement; laboratory analysis; and ECG.Findings Of 275 patients screened at 9 cardiovascular centers, 199 were enrolled (AML/LOS, n = 101; LOS/HCTZ, n = 98), and 183 completed the study. The demographic characteristics were similar between the 2 groups (mean age, 51.56 [9.97] years; men, 70.53{\%}). At 8 weeks, the mean ΔsiDBP values were -11.54 (7.89) and -9.05 (6.57) mm Hg in the AML/LOS and LOS/HCTZ groups, respectively (both, P < 0.0001 vs baseline). The mean difference between the 2 groups was -2.57 mm Hg, a nonsignificant difference, meaning that AML/LOS was noninferior to LOS/HCTZ with regard to the primary end point. At 8 weeks, the mean uric acid level was changed significantly from baseline in the LOS/HCTZ group (+0.41 [0.80] mg/dL; P < 0.0001) but not in the AML/LOS group (-0.12 [0.82] mg/dL), representing a significant intergroup difference (P < 0.0001). Nineteen patients each in the AML/LOS (18.81{\%}) and LOS/HCTZ (20.00{\%}) groups experienced ≥1 adverse event, with 4 (3.96{\%}) and 3 (3.16{\%}) patients, respectively, experiencing 1 or more events considered by the investigators to have been treatment related.Implications The efficacy and tolerability of AML/LOS 5/100 mg/d was found to have been noninferior to those of LOS/HCTZ 100/12.5 mg/d in these hypertensive patients nonresponsive to losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy.",
keywords = "amlodipine, hypertension, losartan",
author = "Suh, {Soon Yong} and Taehoon Ahn and Bae, {Jang Ho} and Do-Sun Lim and Lee, {Seoung Uk} and Kim, {Young Kwon} and Hyon, {Min Su} and Kim, {Won Ho} and Han, {Kyoo Rok} and Park, {Hoon Ki}",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Efficacy and tolerability of amlodipine camsylate/losartan 5/100-mg versus losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 100/12.5-mg fixed-dose combination in hypertensive patients nonresponsive to losartan 100-mg monotherapy

AU - Suh, Soon Yong

AU - Ahn, Taehoon

AU - Bae, Jang Ho

AU - Lim, Do-Sun

AU - Lee, Seoung Uk

AU - Kim, Young Kwon

AU - Hyon, Min Su

AU - Kim, Won Ho

AU - Han, Kyoo Rok

AU - Park, Hoon Ki

PY - 2014/11/10

Y1 - 2014/11/10

N2 - Purpose The aim of this study was to determine whether the efficacy and tolerability of amlodipine camsylate/losartan 5/100 mg/d (AML/LOS) are noninferior to those of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 100/12.5 mg/d (LOS/HCTZ) fixed-dose combination in hypertensive patients unresponsive to losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy.Methods Male and female patients aged ≥18 years with hypertension despite 4-week, stable treatment with losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy were eligible for inclusion in this multicenter, randomized, double-blind study. Patients were randomly assigned to receive AML/LOS or LOS/HCTZ once daily for 8 weeks. The primary end point was the change from baseline to week 8 in sitting diastolic blood pressure (ΔsiDBP), and the secondary end points were the changes from baseline to 4 weeks in siDBP and sitting systolic BP (ΔsiSBP) and changes from baseline to 4 and 8 weeks in BP response rate. Tolerability was evaluated by physical examination, including vital sign measurement; laboratory analysis; and ECG.Findings Of 275 patients screened at 9 cardiovascular centers, 199 were enrolled (AML/LOS, n = 101; LOS/HCTZ, n = 98), and 183 completed the study. The demographic characteristics were similar between the 2 groups (mean age, 51.56 [9.97] years; men, 70.53%). At 8 weeks, the mean ΔsiDBP values were -11.54 (7.89) and -9.05 (6.57) mm Hg in the AML/LOS and LOS/HCTZ groups, respectively (both, P < 0.0001 vs baseline). The mean difference between the 2 groups was -2.57 mm Hg, a nonsignificant difference, meaning that AML/LOS was noninferior to LOS/HCTZ with regard to the primary end point. At 8 weeks, the mean uric acid level was changed significantly from baseline in the LOS/HCTZ group (+0.41 [0.80] mg/dL; P < 0.0001) but not in the AML/LOS group (-0.12 [0.82] mg/dL), representing a significant intergroup difference (P < 0.0001). Nineteen patients each in the AML/LOS (18.81%) and LOS/HCTZ (20.00%) groups experienced ≥1 adverse event, with 4 (3.96%) and 3 (3.16%) patients, respectively, experiencing 1 or more events considered by the investigators to have been treatment related.Implications The efficacy and tolerability of AML/LOS 5/100 mg/d was found to have been noninferior to those of LOS/HCTZ 100/12.5 mg/d in these hypertensive patients nonresponsive to losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy.

AB - Purpose The aim of this study was to determine whether the efficacy and tolerability of amlodipine camsylate/losartan 5/100 mg/d (AML/LOS) are noninferior to those of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 100/12.5 mg/d (LOS/HCTZ) fixed-dose combination in hypertensive patients unresponsive to losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy.Methods Male and female patients aged ≥18 years with hypertension despite 4-week, stable treatment with losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy were eligible for inclusion in this multicenter, randomized, double-blind study. Patients were randomly assigned to receive AML/LOS or LOS/HCTZ once daily for 8 weeks. The primary end point was the change from baseline to week 8 in sitting diastolic blood pressure (ΔsiDBP), and the secondary end points were the changes from baseline to 4 weeks in siDBP and sitting systolic BP (ΔsiSBP) and changes from baseline to 4 and 8 weeks in BP response rate. Tolerability was evaluated by physical examination, including vital sign measurement; laboratory analysis; and ECG.Findings Of 275 patients screened at 9 cardiovascular centers, 199 were enrolled (AML/LOS, n = 101; LOS/HCTZ, n = 98), and 183 completed the study. The demographic characteristics were similar between the 2 groups (mean age, 51.56 [9.97] years; men, 70.53%). At 8 weeks, the mean ΔsiDBP values were -11.54 (7.89) and -9.05 (6.57) mm Hg in the AML/LOS and LOS/HCTZ groups, respectively (both, P < 0.0001 vs baseline). The mean difference between the 2 groups was -2.57 mm Hg, a nonsignificant difference, meaning that AML/LOS was noninferior to LOS/HCTZ with regard to the primary end point. At 8 weeks, the mean uric acid level was changed significantly from baseline in the LOS/HCTZ group (+0.41 [0.80] mg/dL; P < 0.0001) but not in the AML/LOS group (-0.12 [0.82] mg/dL), representing a significant intergroup difference (P < 0.0001). Nineteen patients each in the AML/LOS (18.81%) and LOS/HCTZ (20.00%) groups experienced ≥1 adverse event, with 4 (3.96%) and 3 (3.16%) patients, respectively, experiencing 1 or more events considered by the investigators to have been treatment related.Implications The efficacy and tolerability of AML/LOS 5/100 mg/d was found to have been noninferior to those of LOS/HCTZ 100/12.5 mg/d in these hypertensive patients nonresponsive to losartan 100-mg/d monotherapy.

KW - amlodipine

KW - hypertension

KW - losartan

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