Efficacy of a dexamethasone-eluting nitinol stent on the inhibition of pseudointimal hyperplasia in a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt: An experimental study in a swine model

Tae Seok Seo, Joo Hyeong Oh, Young Koo Park, Ho Young Song, Joon Park Sang, Sun Hong Yuk

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    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: We wanted to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of using a dexamethasone (DM)-eluting nitinol stent to inhibit the pseudointimal hyperplasia following stent placement in the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt tract (TIPS) of a swine. Materials and Methods: Fifteen stents were constructed using 0.15 mm-thick nitinol wire; they were 60 mm in length and 10 mm in diameter. The metallic stents were then classified into three types; type 1 and 2 was coated with the mixture of 12% and 20%, respectively, of DM solution and polyurethane (PU), while type 3 was a bare stent that was used for control study. In fifteen swine, each type of stent was implanted in the TIPS tract of 5 swine, and each animal was sacrificed 2 weeks after TIPS creation. The proliferation of the pseudointima was evaluated both on follow-up portogram and pathologic examination. Results: One TIPS case, using the type 1 stent, and two TIPS cases, using the type 2 stent, maintained their luminal patency while the others were all occluded. On the histopathologic analysis, the mean of the maximum pseudointimal hyperplasia was expressed as the percentage of the stent radius that was patent, and these values were 51.2%, 50% and 76% for the type 1, 2, and 3 stents, respectively. Conclusion: The DM-eluting stent showed a tendency to reduce the development of pseudointimal hyperplasia in the TIPS tract of a swine model with induced-portal hypertension.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)241-247
    Number of pages7
    JournalKorean journal of radiology
    Volume6
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Keywords

    • Experimental Stents and prostheses Shunts
    • Interventional procedures
    • Portosystemic Steroids

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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