Efficiency improvement in P3HT:CdSe quantum dots hybrid solar cells by utilizing novel processing of a dual Ligand exchangers

M. Alam Khan, U. Farva, Yongseok Jun, Omar Manasreh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

CdSe quantum dots of hexagonal Wurtzite crystal structure with an average diameter of ∼7 nm were synthesized and processed for bulk heterojunction solar cell applications. The UV-Vis absorption spectrum shows an excitonic peak at 625 nm and at 635 nm in synthesized and dual ligand exchanged samples, respectively. The synthesized quantum dots were successively ligand exchanged by pyridine and 2-propanethiol to remove the TOPO ligands on quantum dot surface and then hybrid solar cell devices were fabricated. Initially the weight ratio was optimized by using pyridine capped CdSe blend with P3HT polymer as an active layer in chloroform as a solvent on the patterned ITO glass. Then dual ligand exchanged CdSe was compared with pyridine optimized samples. The maximum solar cell conversion efficiency of 1.21% was achieved with Jsc of 4.1 mA/cm -2 , VOC of 0.51 and FF of 44 compared to the optimized pyridine capped CdSe quantum dots where efficiency of 0.74% with Jsc of 2.15 mA/cm -2 , VOC of 0.53 was observed. The increase in solar cell efficiency was attributed to the better ligand exchanged and additional treatment with 2-propanethiol at ambient temperature. Such an exchange of organic ligands by successive ligand exchanger will open new domain for hybrid solar cell research. The morphology of QDs and microstructures of the heterojunction active layer (P3HT:CdSe) were examined by using TEM, XRD, UV-Vis spectra, and IV curve techniques.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
Volume1537
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 6
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

photovoltaic cells
quantum dots
ligand
pyridines
active layer
volatile organic compound
absorption spectrum
chloroform
crystal structure
ligands
solar cell
microstructure
transmission electron microscopy
glass
ambient temperature
polymers
polymer
X-ray diffraction
sampling

Keywords

  • nanostructure
  • optoelectronic
  • photovoltaic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

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title = "Efficiency improvement in P3HT:CdSe quantum dots hybrid solar cells by utilizing novel processing of a dual Ligand exchangers",
abstract = "CdSe quantum dots of hexagonal Wurtzite crystal structure with an average diameter of ∼7 nm were synthesized and processed for bulk heterojunction solar cell applications. The UV-Vis absorption spectrum shows an excitonic peak at 625 nm and at 635 nm in synthesized and dual ligand exchanged samples, respectively. The synthesized quantum dots were successively ligand exchanged by pyridine and 2-propanethiol to remove the TOPO ligands on quantum dot surface and then hybrid solar cell devices were fabricated. Initially the weight ratio was optimized by using pyridine capped CdSe blend with P3HT polymer as an active layer in chloroform as a solvent on the patterned ITO glass. Then dual ligand exchanged CdSe was compared with pyridine optimized samples. The maximum solar cell conversion efficiency of 1.21{\%} was achieved with Jsc of 4.1 mA/cm -2 , VOC of 0.51 and FF of 44 compared to the optimized pyridine capped CdSe quantum dots where efficiency of 0.74{\%} with Jsc of 2.15 mA/cm -2 , VOC of 0.53 was observed. The increase in solar cell efficiency was attributed to the better ligand exchanged and additional treatment with 2-propanethiol at ambient temperature. Such an exchange of organic ligands by successive ligand exchanger will open new domain for hybrid solar cell research. The morphology of QDs and microstructures of the heterojunction active layer (P3HT:CdSe) were examined by using TEM, XRD, UV-Vis spectra, and IV curve techniques.",
keywords = "nanostructure, optoelectronic, photovoltaic",
author = "Khan, {M. Alam} and U. Farva and Yongseok Jun and Omar Manasreh",
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T1 - Efficiency improvement in P3HT:CdSe quantum dots hybrid solar cells by utilizing novel processing of a dual Ligand exchangers

AU - Khan, M. Alam

AU - Farva, U.

AU - Jun, Yongseok

AU - Manasreh, Omar

PY - 2013/11/6

Y1 - 2013/11/6

N2 - CdSe quantum dots of hexagonal Wurtzite crystal structure with an average diameter of ∼7 nm were synthesized and processed for bulk heterojunction solar cell applications. The UV-Vis absorption spectrum shows an excitonic peak at 625 nm and at 635 nm in synthesized and dual ligand exchanged samples, respectively. The synthesized quantum dots were successively ligand exchanged by pyridine and 2-propanethiol to remove the TOPO ligands on quantum dot surface and then hybrid solar cell devices were fabricated. Initially the weight ratio was optimized by using pyridine capped CdSe blend with P3HT polymer as an active layer in chloroform as a solvent on the patterned ITO glass. Then dual ligand exchanged CdSe was compared with pyridine optimized samples. The maximum solar cell conversion efficiency of 1.21% was achieved with Jsc of 4.1 mA/cm -2 , VOC of 0.51 and FF of 44 compared to the optimized pyridine capped CdSe quantum dots where efficiency of 0.74% with Jsc of 2.15 mA/cm -2 , VOC of 0.53 was observed. The increase in solar cell efficiency was attributed to the better ligand exchanged and additional treatment with 2-propanethiol at ambient temperature. Such an exchange of organic ligands by successive ligand exchanger will open new domain for hybrid solar cell research. The morphology of QDs and microstructures of the heterojunction active layer (P3HT:CdSe) were examined by using TEM, XRD, UV-Vis spectra, and IV curve techniques.

AB - CdSe quantum dots of hexagonal Wurtzite crystal structure with an average diameter of ∼7 nm were synthesized and processed for bulk heterojunction solar cell applications. The UV-Vis absorption spectrum shows an excitonic peak at 625 nm and at 635 nm in synthesized and dual ligand exchanged samples, respectively. The synthesized quantum dots were successively ligand exchanged by pyridine and 2-propanethiol to remove the TOPO ligands on quantum dot surface and then hybrid solar cell devices were fabricated. Initially the weight ratio was optimized by using pyridine capped CdSe blend with P3HT polymer as an active layer in chloroform as a solvent on the patterned ITO glass. Then dual ligand exchanged CdSe was compared with pyridine optimized samples. The maximum solar cell conversion efficiency of 1.21% was achieved with Jsc of 4.1 mA/cm -2 , VOC of 0.51 and FF of 44 compared to the optimized pyridine capped CdSe quantum dots where efficiency of 0.74% with Jsc of 2.15 mA/cm -2 , VOC of 0.53 was observed. The increase in solar cell efficiency was attributed to the better ligand exchanged and additional treatment with 2-propanethiol at ambient temperature. Such an exchange of organic ligands by successive ligand exchanger will open new domain for hybrid solar cell research. The morphology of QDs and microstructures of the heterojunction active layer (P3HT:CdSe) were examined by using TEM, XRD, UV-Vis spectra, and IV curve techniques.

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