Two types of T helper (Th) cells - Th1 and Th2 - play different roles in protection and immunopathology. The Th1 cell-mediated immune response plays an important role in inducing the host defence against intracellular bacteria and also in cancer immunotherapy. To effectively induce Th1 immune responses, we constructed a mammalian expression plasmid (pAnti-CD3sFv/IL-18) carrying a fusion gene in which anti-CD3 single-chain Fv (sFv) cDNA, the smallest unit of antibody recognizing the CD3 epsilon moiety of the T-cell receptor, was covalently linked to mature interleukin (IL)-18 cDNA. Intramuscular injection of ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized BALB/c mice with pAnti-CD3sFv/IL-18 DNA efficiently increased the production of both OVA-specific interferon-γ and anti-OVA immunoglobulin G2a, compared to injection with pAnti-CD3sFv DNA. In addition, pAnti-CD3sFv/IL-18 was more efficient than a mixture of pAnti-CD3sFv + pIL-18 in inducing OVA-specific, Th1 immune responses and also in inhibiting OVA-specific, IL-4 production. These studies indicate that vaccination with pAnti-CD3sFv/IL-18 fusion DNA efficiently induces the Th1 immune response in antigen-sensitized mice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy