Electric current and irreversible faradaic reaction on electrode in contact with electrolyte

Y. Zhang, Alexander Yarin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electric current through a cathode in the form of a metal pipe with electrolyte flowing inside is studied experimentally. The electric current is measured at different flow rates for two liquids-highly conducting water, and oil with low conductivity. The results show the electric current saturation at high voltages in water and no saturation in oil. The physical origin of the electric current saturation in electrolytes is still debated. In macroscopic channels the saturation was once attributed to the diffusion-limited mechanism proposed by Levich. However, the saturation observed in the present experiments cannot be described by Levich's result and has a different nature. No other explanation of the electric current saturation in macroscopic channels is available, as to our knowledge. Our theoretical interpretation relates the electric current to a first-order irreversible faradaic reaction at the cathode surface and explains the dependence of the current density on the ion concentration and the electrolyte flow rate.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume159
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Electric currents
electric current
Electrolytes
electrolytes
saturation
Electrodes
electrodes
Oils
Cathodes
flow velocity
oils
cathodes
Flow rate
low conductivity
Water
ion concentration
water
high voltages
Current density
Metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Electric current and irreversible faradaic reaction on electrode in contact with electrolyte. / Zhang, Y.; Yarin, Alexander.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 159, No. 10, 01.12.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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