Electrical conductivity of chemically modified multiwalled carbon nanotube/epoxy composites

Yoon Jin Kim, Taek Sun Shin, Hyung Do Choi, Jong Hwa Kwon, Yeon Choon Chung, Ho Gyu Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

463 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The electrical conductivity of oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNT)/epoxy composites is investigated with respect to the chemical treatment of the MWNT. The oxidation is carried out by refluxing the as-received MWNT in concentrated HNO3 and H2O2/NH4OH solutions, respectively, under several different treatment conditions. The oxidized MWNT are negatively charged and functionalized with carboxylic groups by both solutions. The MWNT oxidized under severe conditions are well purified, but their crystalline structures are partially damaged. It is recognized that the damage to the MWNT has considerable influence on the electrical properties of the MWNT composites, causing the electrical conductivity to be lowered at a low content of MWNT and the percolation threshold to be raised. The MWNT oxidized by the mixture of H2O2 and NH4OH solution provides epoxy composites with a higher conductivity than those produced with the MWNT oxidized by nitric acid over the whole range of MWNT, independently of the oxidation conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-30
Number of pages8
JournalCarbon
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jan 1

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Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCN)
Composite materials
Electric Conductivity
Nitric Acid
Oxidation
Nitric acid
Electric properties
Crystalline materials

Keywords

  • A. Carbon nanotubes
  • B. Oxidation
  • D. Electrical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Electrical conductivity of chemically modified multiwalled carbon nanotube/epoxy composites. / Kim, Yoon Jin; Shin, Taek Sun; Choi, Hyung Do; Kwon, Jong Hwa; Chung, Yeon Choon; Yoon, Ho Gyu.

In: Carbon, Vol. 43, No. 1, 01.01.2005, p. 23-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Yoon Jin ; Shin, Taek Sun ; Choi, Hyung Do ; Kwon, Jong Hwa ; Chung, Yeon Choon ; Yoon, Ho Gyu. / Electrical conductivity of chemically modified multiwalled carbon nanotube/epoxy composites. In: Carbon. 2005 ; Vol. 43, No. 1. pp. 23-30.
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AU - Yoon, Ho Gyu

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N2 - The electrical conductivity of oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNT)/epoxy composites is investigated with respect to the chemical treatment of the MWNT. The oxidation is carried out by refluxing the as-received MWNT in concentrated HNO3 and H2O2/NH4OH solutions, respectively, under several different treatment conditions. The oxidized MWNT are negatively charged and functionalized with carboxylic groups by both solutions. The MWNT oxidized under severe conditions are well purified, but their crystalline structures are partially damaged. It is recognized that the damage to the MWNT has considerable influence on the electrical properties of the MWNT composites, causing the electrical conductivity to be lowered at a low content of MWNT and the percolation threshold to be raised. The MWNT oxidized by the mixture of H2O2 and NH4OH solution provides epoxy composites with a higher conductivity than those produced with the MWNT oxidized by nitric acid over the whole range of MWNT, independently of the oxidation conditions.

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