Electrically controllable twisted-coiled artificial muscle actuators using surface-modified polyester fibers

Jungwoo Park, Ji Wang Yoo, Hee Won Seo, Youngkwan Lee, Jonghwan Suhr, Hyungpil Moon, Ja Choon Koo, Hyouk Ryeol Choi, Robert Hunt, Kwang Jin Kim, Soo Hyun Kim, Jae Do Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As a new class of thermally activated actuators based on polymeric fibers, we investigated polyethylene terephthalate (PET) yarns for the development of a twisted-coiled polymer fiber actuator (TCA). The PET yarn TCA exhibited the maximum linear actuation up to 8.9% by external heating at above the glass transition temperature, 160 anddeg;C-180 anddeg;C. The payload of the actuator was successfully correlated with the preload and training-load conditions by an empirical equation. Furthermore, the PET-based TCA was electrically driven by Joule heating after the PET surface was metallization with silver. For the fast and precise control of PET yarn TCA, electroless silver plating was conducted to form electrical conductive layers on the PET fiber surface. The silver plated PET-based TCA was tested by Joule heating and the tensile actuation was increased up to 12.1% (6 V) due to the enhanced surface hardness and slippage of PET fibers. Overall, silver plating of the polymeric yarn provided a fast actuation speed and enhanced actuation performance of the TCA actuator by Joule heating, providing a great potential for being used in artificial muscle for biomimetic machines including robots, industrial actuators and powered exoskeletons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035048
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 17
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Polyethylene Terephthalates
Polyesters
polyethylene terephthalate
polyesters
muscles
Polyethylene terephthalates
Muscle
Actuators
actuators
yarns
fibers
Fibers
actuation
Joule heating
Yarn
Silver plating
silver
plating
Silver
exoskeletons

Keywords

  • artificial muscle
  • electroless silver plating
  • Joule heating
  • twisted-coiled fiber actuator (TCA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Electrically controllable twisted-coiled artificial muscle actuators using surface-modified polyester fibers. / Park, Jungwoo; Yoo, Ji Wang; Seo, Hee Won; Lee, Youngkwan; Suhr, Jonghwan; Moon, Hyungpil; Koo, Ja Choon; Choi, Hyouk Ryeol; Hunt, Robert; Kim, Kwang Jin; Kim, Soo Hyun; Nam, Jae Do.

In: Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 26, No. 3, 035048, 17.02.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Park, J, Yoo, JW, Seo, HW, Lee, Y, Suhr, J, Moon, H, Koo, JC, Choi, HR, Hunt, R, Kim, KJ, Kim, SH & Nam, JD 2017, 'Electrically controllable twisted-coiled artificial muscle actuators using surface-modified polyester fibers', Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 26, no. 3, 035048. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-665X/aa5323
Park, Jungwoo ; Yoo, Ji Wang ; Seo, Hee Won ; Lee, Youngkwan ; Suhr, Jonghwan ; Moon, Hyungpil ; Koo, Ja Choon ; Choi, Hyouk Ryeol ; Hunt, Robert ; Kim, Kwang Jin ; Kim, Soo Hyun ; Nam, Jae Do. / Electrically controllable twisted-coiled artificial muscle actuators using surface-modified polyester fibers. In: Smart Materials and Structures. 2017 ; Vol. 26, No. 3.
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