Electrochemical β-Selective Hydrocarboxylation of Styrene Using CO2 and Water

Younghye Kim, Gyeong Do Park, Mani Balamurugan, Jiwon Seo, Byoung Koun Min, Ki Tae Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The carboxylation of hydrocarbons using CO2 as a one-carbon building block is an attractive route for the synthesis of carboxylic acids and their derivatives. Until now, chemical carboxylation catalyzed by organometallic nucleophiles and reductants has been generally adopted particularly for the precise selectivity control of carboxylation sites. As another approach, electrochemical carboxylation has been attempted but these carboxylation reactions are limited to only a few pathways. In the case of styrene, dicarboxylation at the α- and β-positions is mostly observed with electrochemical carboxylation while site-selective hydrocarboxylations are hardly achieved. In this study, electrochemical β-selective hydrocarboxylation of styrene using CO2 and water is developed, in which the site selectivity can be precisely controlled between β-hydrocarboxylation and dicarboxylation without the aid of homogeneous catalysts. In this platform, water is used as proton source in the β-hydrocarboxylation of styrene where its addition results in significant enhancement of the selectivity toward β-hydrocarboxylation. This work provides insights into new strategies for site-selectivity-controllable carboxylation with CO2 using an electrochemical platform.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900137
JournalAdvanced Science
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • carbon fixation
  • carboxylation
  • CO reduction
  • electrochemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Kim, Y., Park, G. D., Balamurugan, M., Seo, J., Min, B. K., & Nam, K. T. (2020). Electrochemical β-Selective Hydrocarboxylation of Styrene Using CO2 and Water. Advanced Science, 7(3), [1900137]. https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.201900137