Electrochemical characteristics of phosphorus doped Si-C composite for anode active material of lithium secondary batteries

Jae Hyun NOH, Kwan Young Lee, Joong Kee LEE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phosphorus doped silicon-carbon composite particles were synthesized through a DC arc plasma torch. Silane(SiH 4) and methane(CH 4) were introduced into the reaction chamber as the precursor of silicon and carbon, respectively. Phosphine(PH 3) was used as a phosphorus dopant gas. Characterization of synthesized particles were carried out by scanning electron microscopy(SEM), X-ray diffractometry(XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS) and bulk resistivity measurement. Electrochemical properties were investigated by cyclic test and electrochemical voltage spectroscopy(EVS). In the experimental range, phosphorus doped silicon-carbon composite electrode exhibits enhanced cycle performance than intrinsic silicon and phosphorus doped silicon. It can be explained that incorporation of carbon into silicon acts as a buffer matrix and phosphorus doping plays an important role to enhance the conductivity of the electrode, which leads to the improvement of the cycle performance of the cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1018-1022
Number of pages5
JournalTransactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China (English Edition)
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug 1

Fingerprint

storage batteries
Secondary batteries
lithium batteries
Silicon
lithium
Lithium
Phosphorus
silicon
phosphorus
Anodes
anodes
composite materials
Composite materials
Carbon
phosphine
carbon
electrode
Doping (additives)
Plasma torches
Silanes

Keywords

  • anode
  • arc plasma pyrolysis
  • phosphorus doping
  • secondary batteries
  • silicon-carbon composite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "Phosphorus doped silicon-carbon composite particles were synthesized through a DC arc plasma torch. Silane(SiH 4) and methane(CH 4) were introduced into the reaction chamber as the precursor of silicon and carbon, respectively. Phosphine(PH 3) was used as a phosphorus dopant gas. Characterization of synthesized particles were carried out by scanning electron microscopy(SEM), X-ray diffractometry(XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS) and bulk resistivity measurement. Electrochemical properties were investigated by cyclic test and electrochemical voltage spectroscopy(EVS). In the experimental range, phosphorus doped silicon-carbon composite electrode exhibits enhanced cycle performance than intrinsic silicon and phosphorus doped silicon. It can be explained that incorporation of carbon into silicon acts as a buffer matrix and phosphorus doping plays an important role to enhance the conductivity of the electrode, which leads to the improvement of the cycle performance of the cell.",
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T1 - Electrochemical characteristics of phosphorus doped Si-C composite for anode active material of lithium secondary batteries

AU - NOH, Jae Hyun

AU - Lee, Kwan Young

AU - LEE, Joong Kee

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Y1 - 2009/8/1

N2 - Phosphorus doped silicon-carbon composite particles were synthesized through a DC arc plasma torch. Silane(SiH 4) and methane(CH 4) were introduced into the reaction chamber as the precursor of silicon and carbon, respectively. Phosphine(PH 3) was used as a phosphorus dopant gas. Characterization of synthesized particles were carried out by scanning electron microscopy(SEM), X-ray diffractometry(XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS) and bulk resistivity measurement. Electrochemical properties were investigated by cyclic test and electrochemical voltage spectroscopy(EVS). In the experimental range, phosphorus doped silicon-carbon composite electrode exhibits enhanced cycle performance than intrinsic silicon and phosphorus doped silicon. It can be explained that incorporation of carbon into silicon acts as a buffer matrix and phosphorus doping plays an important role to enhance the conductivity of the electrode, which leads to the improvement of the cycle performance of the cell.

AB - Phosphorus doped silicon-carbon composite particles were synthesized through a DC arc plasma torch. Silane(SiH 4) and methane(CH 4) were introduced into the reaction chamber as the precursor of silicon and carbon, respectively. Phosphine(PH 3) was used as a phosphorus dopant gas. Characterization of synthesized particles were carried out by scanning electron microscopy(SEM), X-ray diffractometry(XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS) and bulk resistivity measurement. Electrochemical properties were investigated by cyclic test and electrochemical voltage spectroscopy(EVS). In the experimental range, phosphorus doped silicon-carbon composite electrode exhibits enhanced cycle performance than intrinsic silicon and phosphorus doped silicon. It can be explained that incorporation of carbon into silicon acts as a buffer matrix and phosphorus doping plays an important role to enhance the conductivity of the electrode, which leads to the improvement of the cycle performance of the cell.

KW - anode

KW - arc plasma pyrolysis

KW - phosphorus doping

KW - secondary batteries

KW - silicon-carbon composite

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