Electrochemical properties of multicomponent oxide and selenide microspheres containing Co and Mo components with several tens of vacant nanorooms synthesized by spray pyrolysis

Jin Koo Kim, Jong Hwa Kim, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simple fabrication of CoMoO 4 and CoMoO 4 -C microspheres containing several tens of vacant nanorooms by spray pyrolysis is described. The successful introduction of internal nanorooms was achieved by the phase segregation of dextrin applied in the spray solution as a deformable template. These uniquely structured microspheres enabled the facile penetration of liquid electrolyte and effectively alleviated stress resulting from the huge volume change that occurs during the cycling of Li-ion storage devices. The initial discharge capacity of the CoMoO 4 microspheres with vacant nanorooms was 1235 mA h g −1 at a current density of 1 A g −1 , and its capacity retention after 100 cycles measured from the second cycle was 99%. The CoMoO 4 microspheres with vacant nanorooms showed superior cycling and rate performances compared to that of the CoMoO 4 microspheres with dense structures. The vacant nanorooms of the CoMoO 4 -C microspheres were well maintained after selenization to form CoSe 2 -MoSe 2 /C composite microspheres. The CoSe 2 -MoSe 2 /C composite microspheres with vacant nanorooms showed superior Na-ion storage performances compared to that of the carbon-free CoSe 2 -MoSe 2 microspheres with dense structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)665-677
Number of pages13
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume333
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1

Fingerprint

Spray pyrolysis
Microspheres
Electrochemical properties
pyrolysis
Oxides
spray
oxide
ion
volume change
electrolyte
penetration
liquid
carbon
Ions
Composite materials
Electrolytes
Current density
Carbon
rate
Fabrication

Keywords

  • Carbon composite
  • Lithium ion batteries
  • Metal chalcogenide
  • Nanostructured material
  • Sodium ion batteries
  • Spray pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Electrochemical properties of multicomponent oxide and selenide microspheres containing Co and Mo components with several tens of vacant nanorooms synthesized by spray pyrolysis",
abstract = "Simple fabrication of CoMoO 4 and CoMoO 4 -C microspheres containing several tens of vacant nanorooms by spray pyrolysis is described. The successful introduction of internal nanorooms was achieved by the phase segregation of dextrin applied in the spray solution as a deformable template. These uniquely structured microspheres enabled the facile penetration of liquid electrolyte and effectively alleviated stress resulting from the huge volume change that occurs during the cycling of Li-ion storage devices. The initial discharge capacity of the CoMoO 4 microspheres with vacant nanorooms was 1235 mA h g −1 at a current density of 1 A g −1 , and its capacity retention after 100 cycles measured from the second cycle was 99{\%}. The CoMoO 4 microspheres with vacant nanorooms showed superior cycling and rate performances compared to that of the CoMoO 4 microspheres with dense structures. The vacant nanorooms of the CoMoO 4 -C microspheres were well maintained after selenization to form CoSe 2 -MoSe 2 /C composite microspheres. The CoSe 2 -MoSe 2 /C composite microspheres with vacant nanorooms showed superior Na-ion storage performances compared to that of the carbon-free CoSe 2 -MoSe 2 microspheres with dense structures.",
keywords = "Carbon composite, Lithium ion batteries, Metal chalcogenide, Nanostructured material, Sodium ion batteries, Spray pyrolysis",
author = "Kim, {Jin Koo} and Kim, {Jong Hwa} and Kang, {Yun Chan}",
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T1 - Electrochemical properties of multicomponent oxide and selenide microspheres containing Co and Mo components with several tens of vacant nanorooms synthesized by spray pyrolysis

AU - Kim, Jin Koo

AU - Kim, Jong Hwa

AU - Kang, Yun Chan

PY - 2018/2/1

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N2 - Simple fabrication of CoMoO 4 and CoMoO 4 -C microspheres containing several tens of vacant nanorooms by spray pyrolysis is described. The successful introduction of internal nanorooms was achieved by the phase segregation of dextrin applied in the spray solution as a deformable template. These uniquely structured microspheres enabled the facile penetration of liquid electrolyte and effectively alleviated stress resulting from the huge volume change that occurs during the cycling of Li-ion storage devices. The initial discharge capacity of the CoMoO 4 microspheres with vacant nanorooms was 1235 mA h g −1 at a current density of 1 A g −1 , and its capacity retention after 100 cycles measured from the second cycle was 99%. The CoMoO 4 microspheres with vacant nanorooms showed superior cycling and rate performances compared to that of the CoMoO 4 microspheres with dense structures. The vacant nanorooms of the CoMoO 4 -C microspheres were well maintained after selenization to form CoSe 2 -MoSe 2 /C composite microspheres. The CoSe 2 -MoSe 2 /C composite microspheres with vacant nanorooms showed superior Na-ion storage performances compared to that of the carbon-free CoSe 2 -MoSe 2 microspheres with dense structures.

AB - Simple fabrication of CoMoO 4 and CoMoO 4 -C microspheres containing several tens of vacant nanorooms by spray pyrolysis is described. The successful introduction of internal nanorooms was achieved by the phase segregation of dextrin applied in the spray solution as a deformable template. These uniquely structured microspheres enabled the facile penetration of liquid electrolyte and effectively alleviated stress resulting from the huge volume change that occurs during the cycling of Li-ion storage devices. The initial discharge capacity of the CoMoO 4 microspheres with vacant nanorooms was 1235 mA h g −1 at a current density of 1 A g −1 , and its capacity retention after 100 cycles measured from the second cycle was 99%. The CoMoO 4 microspheres with vacant nanorooms showed superior cycling and rate performances compared to that of the CoMoO 4 microspheres with dense structures. The vacant nanorooms of the CoMoO 4 -C microspheres were well maintained after selenization to form CoSe 2 -MoSe 2 /C composite microspheres. The CoSe 2 -MoSe 2 /C composite microspheres with vacant nanorooms showed superior Na-ion storage performances compared to that of the carbon-free CoSe 2 -MoSe 2 microspheres with dense structures.

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