Electrochemical properties of uniquely structured Fe2O3 and FeSe2/graphitic-carbon microrods synthesized by applying a metal-organic framework

Seung Keun Park, Jin Koo Kim, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Uniquely structured Fe2O3 and FeSe2/graphitic-carbon (GC) microrods composed of hollow Fe2O3 and FeSe2 nanospheres, respectively, were successfully prepared by applying a metal-organic framework (MOF, MIL-88) as the precursor and template. This strategy involves the fabrication of Fe@GC microrods by the thermal reduction of MIL-88 microrods followed by transformation into hollow Fe2O3 nanosphere aggregate (H-Fe2O3-NSA) microrods and hollow FeSe2 nanosphere aggregate/GC (H-FeSe2/GC) microrods by means of oxidation and selenization, respectively. During the post-treatment step, metallic Fe nanocrystals embedded in GC are converted into hollow metal compound nanospheres through nanoscale Kirkendall diffusion. This novel structure makes it possible to achieve a superior electrochemical performance by alleviating the volume variation and providing ample ion reaction sites. In addition, in the case of H-FeSe2/GC, the carbon framework not only prevents the structural collapse but also ensures sufficient electron transport during repeated cycles. Thus, the H-Fe2O3-NSA and H-FeSe2/GC microrods have high specific discharge capacities of 973 mA h g−1 after 400 cycles at 1 A g−1 and 587 mA h g−1 after 100 cycles at 0.2 A g−1 when applied as anode materials for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2440-2449
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume334
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 15

Keywords

  • Iron oxide
  • Iron selenide
  • Kirkendall effect
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Metal-organic framework
  • Sodium-ion batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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