We have studied defect-rich vanadium oxide nanotubes, with reduced V 4+ concentration, by means of x-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, x-ray photoemission spectroscopy, and electron spin resonance (ESR) measurements. In particular, prominent anomalies at 320 and 370 K attributed to structural phase transitions were manifest in the ESR measurements. The ESR spin susceptibility exhibited a singlet-triplet transition of the spin dimers and an antiferromagnetic exchange coupling. In the high-temperature region above 370 K, where the two distinct ESR lines merged, an activation energy of the fast hopping polaron motion, 0.48 eV, was obtained.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)