In situ potassium (K)-doped single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) was synthesized using a hydrogen arc-discharge method. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis showed that the K-doped SWCNTs consisted of 0.12% K mass composition. The K-doped SWCNTs showed the lower turn-on electric field of 2.0 Vμm at a current density of 10-9 A cm2 and the higher emission current density of 3.0 mA cm2 at an applied field of 4.6 Vμm compared with the undoped SWCNTs. The improved field emission performance of K-doped SWCNTs was mainly attributed to the decreased work function and the increased density of state near the Fermi energy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)