Electrophysiology of the suprachiasmatic nucleus: synaptic transmission, membrane properties, and neuronal synchronization.

F. E. Dudek, Y. I. Kim, Y. Bouskila

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Knowledge of the neuronal membrane properties and synaptic physiology of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is critical for an understanding of the cellular basis of circadian rhythms in mammals. The hypothalamic slice preparations from rodents and a combination of electrophysiological techniques (i.e., extracellular single- and multiple-unit recording, intracellular recording, and whole-cell patch clamp) were used to study (1) the role of excitatory and inhibitory amino acids (i.e., glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid [GABA] in synaptic transmission, (2) the membrane properties of SCN neurons, and (3) the mechanisms of neuronal synchronization. Antagonists for N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and non-NMDA receptors blocked excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) evoked by stimulation of the optic nerve or other sites when SCN cells were depolarized or at rest, respectively. Bicuculline blocked inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) that were evoked by local stimulation or that occurred spontaneously. The IPSP reversal potential was near the Cl- equilibrium potential, and was shifted to depolarized levels by raising intracellular [Cl-]. Thus, glutamate and GABA appear to mediate fast excitatory and inhibitory synaptic transmission in the SCN. Some SCN neurons, but not all of them, had low-threshold Ca2+ spikes and time-dependent inward rectification, thus indicating that the electrical properties of SCN neurons are not homogenous. Neurons with a firing rate of > 6 Hz had a regular pattern, and neurons with a rate of < 4 Hz had an irregular pattern; since both the firing rate and pattern could be modified with injected currents, SCN neurons with different firing patterns are unlikely to represent distinct classes of cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S33-37
JournalJournal of Biological Rhythms
Volume8 Suppl
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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