Electrosprayed copper hexaoxodivanadate (CuV2O6) and pyrovanadate (Cu2V2O7) photoanodes for efficient solar water splitting

Min woo Kim, Bhavana Joshi, Hyun Yoon, Tae Yoon Ohm, Karam Kim, Salem S. Al-Deyab, Sam S. Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Copper hexaoxodivanadate (CuV2O6) and copper pyrovanadate (Cu2V2O7) films were fabricated via electrostatic spray deposition for use as photoanodes for solar water splitting. The fabricated films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. The highest photocurrent density observed was 0.65 mA⋅cm−2 for a spraying time of 5 min in a mixed aqueous electrolyte consisting of 0.1 M borate and 0.1 M Na2SO3. The high photocurrent density is attributable to an improvement in the electrochemical kinetics at the electrode surface because of the scavenging holes from the electrolyte. The optimal annealing temperature was determined to be 500 °C. Further, Cu2V2O7 was confirmed to be more suitable than CuV2O6 with respect to water splitting, as it exhibited a higher photocurrent density.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-450
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Copper vanadate oxide
  • Photoanode
  • Photocurrent
  • Water splitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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