Electrospun polystyrene-poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) nanofiber as a new aptasensor platform

Su Jin Lee, Rameshwar Tatavarty, Man Bock Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here, we report the use of an aptamer-immobilized electrospun polystyrene-poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) (PS-PSMA) nanofiber as a new aptasensor platform for protein detection. Two thrombin-binding aptamers (TBA29 and TBA15) were used as a model platform to facilitate efficient detection of thrombin in a sandwich manner. Thrombin concentration was measured by fluorescence microscopy and spectroscopy, in which aptamers were labeled with either fluorescein dye or quantum dots. The results indicated that thrombin was captured uniformly on the surface of the nanofiber. Using this sandwich-type biosensor, the minimum detectable concentration of thrombin was 10. pM, with a dynamic range of 0.1-50. nM, when quantum dots were used for labeling. In contrast, the limit of detection was 1. nM, with a dynamic range of 10-200. nM, when using fluorescein dye labeling. This aptamers-on-nanofiber-based biosensor showed 2500-fold higher sensitivity than a 96-microwell plate format, attributed mainly to the large surface area of the nanofibers. In addition, this novel platform also exhibited similar high sensitivity in the detection of exogenously added thrombin in diluted human serum. This aptamers-on-nanofiber system, which is competitive with other sensing platforms and clinically meaningful in terms of its detection limit, is expected to be useful for the detection of various other targets because of its ease of application and manipulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-307
Number of pages6
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Nanofibers
Polystyrenes
Maleic anhydride
Thrombin
Styrene
Quantum Dots
Biosensing Techniques
Fluorescein
Biosensors
Labeling
Semiconductor quantum dots
Limit of Detection
Coloring Agents
Dyes
Fluorescence microscopy
Fluorescence Spectrometry
Fluorescence spectroscopy
Fluorescence Microscopy
poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride)
Proteins

Keywords

  • Aptamer
  • Nanofiber
  • Protein detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biotechnology
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

Electrospun polystyrene-poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) nanofiber as a new aptasensor platform. / Lee, Su Jin; Tatavarty, Rameshwar; Gu, Man Bock.

In: Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Vol. 38, No. 1, 01.10.2012, p. 302-307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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