Elevated O-linked N-acetylglucosamine correlated with reduced Sp1 cooperative DNA binding with its collaborating factors in Vivo

Kihong Lim, Hyo Ihl Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


O-Linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc), a single GlcNAc modification of proteins, is abundant in nucleocytoplasmic proteins of eukaryotes. Most nuclear transcriptional regulator proteins carry O-GlcNAc, implicating O-GlcNAc in gene regulation. This study suggested the possibility that O-GlcNAc regulates cooperative binding of Sp1 and its collaborating transcription factors, Oct1 and Elf-1, onto DNA templates in vivo. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays on cells in which O-GlcNAc was modulated pharmacologically revealed that Sp1-Oct1- and Sp1-Elf-1-paired occupancies of previously known target promoter regions were suppressed by elevated O-GlcNAc modification. Since these pairs of transcription factors bind the target promoters cooperatively and DNA binding of Sp1 alone is not affected by O-GlcNAc, our results imply that O-GlcNAc weakens the DNA binding of Sp1 and its cooperative binding partners by inhibiting stable interaction on DNA templates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1668-1672
Number of pages5
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep 1



  • Cooperative DNA binding
  • Elf-1
  • O-linked N-acetylglucosamine
  • Oct1
  • Sp1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry

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