Background: Protein kinase C delta binding protein (PRKCDBP/Cavin3/hSRBC) is a putative tumor suppressor that is downregulated in many human cancers. Recently, PRKCDBP was identified to be activated by nuclear factor-κB in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α.
Aims: To explore the potential of PRKCDBP as a diagnostic or prognostic marker for inflammatory bowel disease, the possible correlation between its expression status and TNF-α signaling was evaluated in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, both pre- and post-infliximab (IFX) therapy.
Methods: In total, 31 IFX therapy-naïve patients (13 females; median age, 41 years) with moderate-to-severe UC who had been scheduled for IFX treatment were included. Immunohistochemical analysis of TNF-α and PRKCDBP expression was performed in rectal biopsies.
Conclusions: These results demonstrate that mucosal expression of PRKCDBP correlated strongly with TNF-α expression in UC patients and that IFX therapy resulted in profound reductions in both PRKCDBP and TNF-α. Thus, these findings support that PRKCDBP expression is tightly controlled by TNF-α, and the anti-inflammatory effect of IFX may in part stem from blockade of the TNF-α-PRKCDBP signaling pathway.
Results: A significant correlation was observed in immunoreactivity between TNF-α and PRKCDBP. IFX therapy reduced immunohistochemical expression of PRKCDBP and TNF-α (P < 0.001 and P = 0.005, respectively). The mean PRKCDBP expression level decreased from 54.5 to 30.2 %, and that of TNF-α decreased from 54.5 to 36.2 %. The immunohistochemical expression pre- and post-PRKCDBP therapy correlated significantly with TNF-α levels pre- and post-therapy (Spearman’s rank correlation test; P = 0.005 and P = 0.001, respectively).
- Tumor necrosis factor-alpha
- Ulcerative colitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas