Elimination reactions of N-alkyl-N-chlorothenylamines 1-4 with MeONa-MeOH and Et2NH-MeCN have been studied kinetically. The elimination reactions are regiospecific, producing only the conjugated imines. The reactions are second order and exhibit substantial values of Hammett ρ and k H/kD, and an E2 mechanism is evident. The relative rates of elimination for Me/Et/i-Pr/i-Bu substituents are 1/0.5/0.2/0.02 with MeONa-MeOH and 1/0.4/0.2/0.06 with Et2NH-MeCN. The transition state structure changes toward more product-like as the base is changed from MeONa-MeOH to Et2NH-MeCN. Comparison with existing data reveals that the structure of the transition state is relatively insensitive to the β-aryl group variation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry