Emerging two-dimensional monoelemental materials (Xenes) for biomedical applications

Wei Tao, Na Kong, Xiaoyuan Ji, Yupeng Zhang, Amit Sharma, Jiang Ouyang, Baowen Qi, Junqing Wang, Ni Xie, Chulhun Kang, Han Zhang, Omid C. Farokhzad, Jong Seung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The emergence of novel two-dimensional (2D) monoelemental materials (Xenes) has shown remarkable potential for their applications in different fields of technology, as well as addressing new discoveries in fundamental science. Xenes (e.g., borophene, silicene, germanene, stanene, phosphorene, arsenene, antimonene, bismuthene, and tellurene) are of particular interest because they are the most chemically tractable materials for synthetic exploration. Owing to their excellent physical, chemical, electronic and optical properties, Xenes have been regarded as promising agents for biosensors, bioimaging, therapeutic delivery, and theranostics, as well as in several other new bio-applications. In this tutorial review, we summarize their general properties including the classification of Xenes according to their bulk properties. The synthetic and modification methods of Xenes are also presented. Furthermore, the representative Xene nanoplatforms for various biomedical applications are highlighted. Finally, research progress, challenges, and perspectives for the future development of Xenes in biomedicines are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2891-2912
Number of pages22
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Volume48
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 7

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Biosensing Techniques
Technology
Research
Biosensors
Electronic properties
Chemical properties
Therapeutics
Optical properties
Physical properties
Theranostic Nanomedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Emerging two-dimensional monoelemental materials (Xenes) for biomedical applications. / Tao, Wei; Kong, Na; Ji, Xiaoyuan; Zhang, Yupeng; Sharma, Amit; Ouyang, Jiang; Qi, Baowen; Wang, Junqing; Xie, Ni; Kang, Chulhun; Zhang, Han; Farokhzad, Omid C.; Kim, Jong Seung.

In: Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 48, No. 11, 07.06.2019, p. 2891-2912.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Tao, W, Kong, N, Ji, X, Zhang, Y, Sharma, A, Ouyang, J, Qi, B, Wang, J, Xie, N, Kang, C, Zhang, H, Farokhzad, OC & Kim, JS 2019, 'Emerging two-dimensional monoelemental materials (Xenes) for biomedical applications', Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 48, no. 11, pp. 2891-2912. https://doi.org/10.1039/c8cs00823j
Tao, Wei ; Kong, Na ; Ji, Xiaoyuan ; Zhang, Yupeng ; Sharma, Amit ; Ouyang, Jiang ; Qi, Baowen ; Wang, Junqing ; Xie, Ni ; Kang, Chulhun ; Zhang, Han ; Farokhzad, Omid C. ; Kim, Jong Seung. / Emerging two-dimensional monoelemental materials (Xenes) for biomedical applications. In: Chemical Society Reviews. 2019 ; Vol. 48, No. 11. pp. 2891-2912.
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