Objectives: Endoscopic stenting for combined malignant biliary and duodenal obstruction is technically demanding. However, this procedure can be facilitated when there is guidance from previously inserted stent or PTBD tube. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and clinical success rate of endoscopic placement of biliary self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) through duodenal SEMS in patients with combined biliary and duodenal obstruction due to inoperable or metastatic periampullary malignancy. Materials and methods: A total of 12 patients with combined malignant biliary and duodenal stricture underwent insertion of biliary SEMS through the mesh of specialized duodenal SEMS from July 2012 to October 2016. Technical and clinical success rate, adverse events and survival after completion of SEMS insertion were evaluated. Results: The duodenal strictures were located in the first portion of the duodenum in four patients (Type I), in the second portion in three patients (Type II), and in the third portion in five patients (Type III). Technical success rate of combined metallic stenting was 91.7%. Insertion of biliary SEMS was guided by previously inserted biliary SEMS in nine patients, plastic stent in one patient, and PTBD in two patients. Clinical success rate was 90.9%. There were no early adverse events after the procedure. Mean survival period after combined metallic stenting was 91.9 days (range: 15–245 days). Conclusions: Endoscopic placement of biliary SEMS through duodenal SEMS is feasible with high success rates and relatively easy when there is guidance. This method can be a good alternative for palliation in patients with combined biliary and duodenal obstruction.
- Malignant biliary obstruction
- malignant duodenal obstruction
- metal stent
ASJC Scopus subject areas