Background: It is controversial whether preoperative obstruction in rectal cancers can affect prognosis or influence recurrence patterns. We investigated the association between endoscopic obstruction with survival and recurrence patterns in patients with locally advanced rectal cancers. Materials and Methods: An observational study and multivariate analysis were conducted to identify determinants of survival and to compare recurrence patterns between patients with obstructive or nonobstructive tumors after curative resection. Endoscopic obstruction was defined as a luminal obstruction of the rectum severe enough to prevent the colonoscope from passing beyond the tumor. Results: Cancer was obstructive in 91 patients (16.8%) and nonobstructive in 452 (83.2%). Median follow-up was 50 (range, 3-161) months. Local recurrence occurred in 17 patients (14 nonobstructed [5.4%] and 3obstructed [5.5%]; P=1.0) and systemic recurrence in 83 (62 nonobstructed [23.8%] and 21 obstructed [38.2%]; P=.042]). Endoscopic obstruction was a significant prognostic factor in stage III rectal cancers (P=.001) but not in stage II tumors. The multivariate analysis showed that endoscopic obstruction was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival, but not for disease-free survival, in patients with stage III rectal cancers. Endoscopic obstruction was associated with multiple-site systemic recurrence that was unsalvageable (salvageable surgery, 24 nonobstructed [40%] and 2 obstructed [10%]; P=.014). Conclusions: Endoscopic obstruction in patients with stage III rectal cancer predicted worse overall survival and was associated with multiple-site systemic recurrence.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Apr 1|
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