PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of percutaneous interventional management of hepatic venous outflow obstruction after living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Percutaneous balloon angioplasty (n = 5) and stent placement (n = 22) were attempted in 27 patients with hepatic venous outflow obstruction. Patient follow-up included clinical and laboratory data collection, Doppler ultrasonography (US), hepatic venography, and computed tomography. The following parameters were documented retrospectively: technical success and complications, clinical improvement, and recurrence. Technical success was defined as elimination or successful reduction of pressure gradients across the stenosis and clinical success was defined as amelioration of presenting signs. Recurrence was defined as relapse of clinical signs with hepatic venous anastomotic restenosis on Doppler US. RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in all patients. The mean pressure gradients across the stenoses before and after the procedure were 10.6 mm Hg ± 6.4 (range, 3-39 mm Hg) and 2.4 mm Hg ± 2.6 (range, 0-8 mm Hg), respectively (P < .001). Three of the five patients who underwent balloon angioplasty developed recurrent stenosis 1-5 weeks after the procedure. These patients underwent repeat balloon angioplasty, and two of them eventually underwent stent placement (n = 1) or surgical repositioning (n = 1) of the graft. Three of the 22 patients who underwent stent placement required a second stent placement procedure because of malpositioning, partial migration, and acute angulation. During the mean follow-up period of 49 weeks ± 47 (range, 3-214 wk), clinical success was achieved in 20 of 27 patients (73%). CONCLUSION: Percutaneous interventional management is an effective and safe adjunct for the treatment of hepatic venous outflow obstruction after LDLT.
- Hepatic veins
- Liver, transplantation
- Stenosis or obstruction
- Stents and prostheses
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine