Two-dimensional (2D) semiconducting MoS2 and WSe2 flakes grown by chemical vapor deposition were mechanically hybridized. A hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) dielectric flake was inserted between MoS2 and WSe2 flakes to investigate the nanoscale optical properties of 2D van der Waals hybrid nanostructures. The fabricated MoS2/WSe2 and MoS2/h-BN/WSe2 van der Waals hybrid nanostructures were loaded on a periodic gold nanopost (Au-NPo) array to study energy and charge transfer effects at the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) condition. Nanoscale photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the 2D hybrid nanostructures were measured using a high-resolution laser confocal microscope (LCM). A shift of the LCM PL peak of the MoS2/WSe2 n-p hybrid nanostructures was observed owing to the charge transfer. In contrast, the shift of the LCM PL peak of the MoS2/h-BN/WSe2 n-insulator-p hybrid nanostructure was not considerable, as the inserted h-BN dielectric layer prevented the charge transfer. The intensity of the LCM PL peak of the MoS2/h-BN/WSe2 hybrid nanostructure considerably increased once the nanostructure was loaded on the Au-NPo array, owing to the energy transfer between the 2D materials and the Au-NPo array at the SPR condition, which was confirmed by the increase in the LCM Raman intensity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)