Energy-density enhancement of carbon-nanotube-based supercapacitors with redox couple in organic electrolyte

Jinwoo Park, Byungwoo Kim, Young Eun Yoo, Haegeun Chung, Woong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We demonstrate for the first time that the incorporation of a redox-active molecule in an organic electrolyte can increase the cell voltage of a supercapacitor. The redox molecule also contributes to increasing the cell capacitance by a faradaic redox reaction, and therefore the energy density of the supercapacitor can be significantly increased. More specifically, the addition of redox-active decamethylferrocene in an organic electrolyte results in an approximately 27-fold increase in the energy density of carbon-nanotube-based supercapacitors. The resulting high energy density (36.8 Wh/kg) stems from the increased cell voltage (1.1 V → 2.1 V) and cell capacitance (8.3 F/g → 61.3 F/g) resulting from decamethylferrocene addition. We found that the voltage increase is associated with the potential of the redox species relative to the electrochemical stability window of the supporting electrolyte. These results will be useful in identifying new electrolytes for high-energy-density supercapacitors. (Figure Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19499-19503
Number of pages5
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume6
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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