Engineering antibodies for dual specificity and enhanced potency

Sanghwan Ko, Sang Taek Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the tremendous success of monoclonal antibodies for human therapeutics, there remain several diseases that escape monospecific IgG antibody-mediated immunotherapy. However, the recent in-depth understanding of antibody structure and function, and significant advances in antibody engineering techniques, have facilitated the development of unnatural bispecific antibodies, which are capable of recruiting more powerful effector cells, retargeting target cells, and blocking two different disease mechanisms simultaneously. Conventionally, bispecific antibodies were generated by the fusion of two different hybridoma cells or chemical coupling of two monospecific antibodies. Recently, however, versatile genetic approaches have been devised to produce more homogenous and correctly assembled bispecific antibodies. To ensure improved efficacy, safety, and efficient manufacturing, a variety of strategies to create bispecific antibody fragments and native IgG-like bispecific antibody formats have been developed and are discussed in this review.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Pages (from-to)201-210
Number of pages10
JournalBiotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 22
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • antibody engineering
  • bispecific antibody
  • dual specificity
  • therapeutic antibody

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this