Enhanced catalytic performance of copper-exchanged SAPO-34 molecular sieve in methanol-to-olefin reaction

Sun Jung Kim, Ji Won Park, Kwang Young Lee, Gon Seo, Mee Kyung Song, Soon Yong Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Methanol-to-olefin (MTO) reaction over copper-exchanged SAPO-34 catalysts was investigated in order to extend their catalyst life. The exchange of copper ions into the cages of an SAPO-34 molecular sieve was confirmed by ESR, XPS, and 129Xe NMR techniques. Copper ions located in its cages considerably reduced its deactivation rate in the MTO reaction, while those dispersed on the external surface of the SAPO-34 molecular sieve accelerated the deactivation due to the limited mass transfer through the pore entrances. The 13C NMR and UV-VIS spectroscopy investigations of the materials occluded on the copper-exchanged SAPO-34 catalysts during the MTO reaction clearly showed that the copper ions exchanged in the cages suppressed the further condensation of alkyl aromatics to large, fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Theoretical calculations for the SAPO-34 and copper-exchanged SAPO-34 molecular sieves supported this observation because copper ions located in the cages stabilized the alkyl aromatics. Therefore, the exchange of copper ions into the SAPO-34 molecular sieve stabilized the reactive intermediates, alkyl aromatics, of the MTO reaction and suppressed their further condensation to PAHs, thereby slowing the deactivation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-157
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • Copper
  • Deactivation
  • Ion exchange
  • Methanol-to-Olefin (MTO)
  • SAPO-34

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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