Enhanced electrocatalytic property of Pt/C electrode with double catalyst layers for PEMFC

Dung Van Dao, Ganpurev Adilbish, In-Hwan Lee, Yeon Tae Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this study was to fabricate an efficient structural catalyst electrode of Pt/C consisting of double catalyst layers (DCL) with catalyst-ink spray and electrophoresis deposition (EPD) methods. The prepared Pt/C DCL electrode with Pt-dispersed and Pt-concentrated catalyst layers demonstrated better electrochemical properties than individual Pt/C single catalyst layer (SCL) electrodes. An S1E1 DCL electrode with Pt loading weight ratio of 1:1 between the Pt-dispersed and Pt-concentrated layers exhibited a higher electrochemical surface area (ECSA, 57.2 m2/gPt) and lower internal resistance (20 Ω) than an individual Pt-dispersed SCL electrode prepared with only the spray method (S1E0, 31.9 m2/gPt and 132 Ω) and an individual Pt-concentrated SCL electrode prepared with only the EPD method (S0E1, 34.1 m2/gPt and 120 Ω). The S1E1 DCL electrode exhibited 2.1 and 1.7 times higher mass activity for methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) than S1E0 and S0E1 SCL electrodes, respectively (1,230 mA/mgPt for S1E1 vs. 595 mA/mgPt for S1E0 and 715 mA/mgPt for S0E1). In addition, the S1E1 DCL electrode demonstrated high MOR durability after 1,000 sequential cycles while losing 30% activity. Meanwhile, S0E1 and S1E0 SCL electrodes rapidly lost 52% and 55% activity, respectively. These improved electrochemical performances of DCL electrode were owing to the advantages of separating Pt catalysts into two layers, which provides more Pt catalytic active sites to the electrolyte than those in SCL electrodes. Our observation may aid in minimizing the usage amount of Pt catalysts (~0.16 mgPt/cm2) compared to those in present commercial Pt/C composites (~0.3 mgPt/cm2) as well as maximize efficient Pt utilization. More importantly, with regard to proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) activity as a crucial in-situ characterization of a catalyst, a membrane electrode assembly (MEA) containing S1E1 as the anode electrode could generate mass maximum power density of 3.84 W/mgPt, 3.6 times higher than the present commercial one (1.07 W/mgPt).

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
fuel cells
membranes
catalysts
Electrodes
Catalysts
electrodes
protons
electrophoresis
Electrophoresis
sprayers
Methanol
methyl alcohol
Oxidation
oxidation
inks
Electrochemical properties
durability
Ink

Keywords

  • Catalyst electrode
  • Double catalyst layers
  • Electrochemical property
  • PEMFC
  • Pt catalyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Enhanced electrocatalytic property of Pt/C electrode with double catalyst layers for PEMFC. / Van Dao, Dung; Adilbish, Ganpurev; Lee, In-Hwan; Yu, Yeon Tae.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The objective of this study was to fabricate an efficient structural catalyst electrode of Pt/C consisting of double catalyst layers (DCL) with catalyst-ink spray and electrophoresis deposition (EPD) methods. The prepared Pt/C DCL electrode with Pt-dispersed and Pt-concentrated catalyst layers demonstrated better electrochemical properties than individual Pt/C single catalyst layer (SCL) electrodes. An S1E1 DCL electrode with Pt loading weight ratio of 1:1 between the Pt-dispersed and Pt-concentrated layers exhibited a higher electrochemical surface area (ECSA, 57.2 m2/gPt) and lower internal resistance (20 Ω) than an individual Pt-dispersed SCL electrode prepared with only the spray method (S1E0, 31.9 m2/gPt and 132 Ω) and an individual Pt-concentrated SCL electrode prepared with only the EPD method (S0E1, 34.1 m2/gPt and 120 Ω). The S1E1 DCL electrode exhibited 2.1 and 1.7 times higher mass activity for methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) than S1E0 and S0E1 SCL electrodes, respectively (1,230 mA/mgPt for S1E1 vs. 595 mA/mgPt for S1E0 and 715 mA/mgPt for S0E1). In addition, the S1E1 DCL electrode demonstrated high MOR durability after 1,000 sequential cycles while losing 30{\%} activity. Meanwhile, S0E1 and S1E0 SCL electrodes rapidly lost 52{\%} and 55{\%} activity, respectively. These improved electrochemical performances of DCL electrode were owing to the advantages of separating Pt catalysts into two layers, which provides more Pt catalytic active sites to the electrolyte than those in SCL electrodes. Our observation may aid in minimizing the usage amount of Pt catalysts (~0.16 mgPt/cm2) compared to those in present commercial Pt/C composites (~0.3 mgPt/cm2) as well as maximize efficient Pt utilization. More importantly, with regard to proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) activity as a crucial in-situ characterization of a catalyst, a membrane electrode assembly (MEA) containing S1E1 as the anode electrode could generate mass maximum power density of 3.84 W/mgPt, 3.6 times higher than the present commercial one (1.07 W/mgPt).",
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AU - Van Dao, Dung

AU - Adilbish, Ganpurev

AU - Lee, In-Hwan

AU - Yu, Yeon Tae

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The objective of this study was to fabricate an efficient structural catalyst electrode of Pt/C consisting of double catalyst layers (DCL) with catalyst-ink spray and electrophoresis deposition (EPD) methods. The prepared Pt/C DCL electrode with Pt-dispersed and Pt-concentrated catalyst layers demonstrated better electrochemical properties than individual Pt/C single catalyst layer (SCL) electrodes. An S1E1 DCL electrode with Pt loading weight ratio of 1:1 between the Pt-dispersed and Pt-concentrated layers exhibited a higher electrochemical surface area (ECSA, 57.2 m2/gPt) and lower internal resistance (20 Ω) than an individual Pt-dispersed SCL electrode prepared with only the spray method (S1E0, 31.9 m2/gPt and 132 Ω) and an individual Pt-concentrated SCL electrode prepared with only the EPD method (S0E1, 34.1 m2/gPt and 120 Ω). The S1E1 DCL electrode exhibited 2.1 and 1.7 times higher mass activity for methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) than S1E0 and S0E1 SCL electrodes, respectively (1,230 mA/mgPt for S1E1 vs. 595 mA/mgPt for S1E0 and 715 mA/mgPt for S0E1). In addition, the S1E1 DCL electrode demonstrated high MOR durability after 1,000 sequential cycles while losing 30% activity. Meanwhile, S0E1 and S1E0 SCL electrodes rapidly lost 52% and 55% activity, respectively. These improved electrochemical performances of DCL electrode were owing to the advantages of separating Pt catalysts into two layers, which provides more Pt catalytic active sites to the electrolyte than those in SCL electrodes. Our observation may aid in minimizing the usage amount of Pt catalysts (~0.16 mgPt/cm2) compared to those in present commercial Pt/C composites (~0.3 mgPt/cm2) as well as maximize efficient Pt utilization. More importantly, with regard to proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) activity as a crucial in-situ characterization of a catalyst, a membrane electrode assembly (MEA) containing S1E1 as the anode electrode could generate mass maximum power density of 3.84 W/mgPt, 3.6 times higher than the present commercial one (1.07 W/mgPt).

AB - The objective of this study was to fabricate an efficient structural catalyst electrode of Pt/C consisting of double catalyst layers (DCL) with catalyst-ink spray and electrophoresis deposition (EPD) methods. The prepared Pt/C DCL electrode with Pt-dispersed and Pt-concentrated catalyst layers demonstrated better electrochemical properties than individual Pt/C single catalyst layer (SCL) electrodes. An S1E1 DCL electrode with Pt loading weight ratio of 1:1 between the Pt-dispersed and Pt-concentrated layers exhibited a higher electrochemical surface area (ECSA, 57.2 m2/gPt) and lower internal resistance (20 Ω) than an individual Pt-dispersed SCL electrode prepared with only the spray method (S1E0, 31.9 m2/gPt and 132 Ω) and an individual Pt-concentrated SCL electrode prepared with only the EPD method (S0E1, 34.1 m2/gPt and 120 Ω). The S1E1 DCL electrode exhibited 2.1 and 1.7 times higher mass activity for methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) than S1E0 and S0E1 SCL electrodes, respectively (1,230 mA/mgPt for S1E1 vs. 595 mA/mgPt for S1E0 and 715 mA/mgPt for S0E1). In addition, the S1E1 DCL electrode demonstrated high MOR durability after 1,000 sequential cycles while losing 30% activity. Meanwhile, S0E1 and S1E0 SCL electrodes rapidly lost 52% and 55% activity, respectively. These improved electrochemical performances of DCL electrode were owing to the advantages of separating Pt catalysts into two layers, which provides more Pt catalytic active sites to the electrolyte than those in SCL electrodes. Our observation may aid in minimizing the usage amount of Pt catalysts (~0.16 mgPt/cm2) compared to those in present commercial Pt/C composites (~0.3 mgPt/cm2) as well as maximize efficient Pt utilization. More importantly, with regard to proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) activity as a crucial in-situ characterization of a catalyst, a membrane electrode assembly (MEA) containing S1E1 as the anode electrode could generate mass maximum power density of 3.84 W/mgPt, 3.6 times higher than the present commercial one (1.07 W/mgPt).

KW - Catalyst electrode

KW - Double catalyst layers

KW - Electrochemical property

KW - PEMFC

KW - Pt catalyst

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