Enhanced electrochemical performance of a ZnO-MnO composite as an anode material for lithium ion batteries

Min Seob Song, Sahn Nahm, Won Il Cho, Chongmok Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A ZnO-MnO composite was synthesized using a simple solvothermal method combined with a high-temperature treatment. To observe the phase change during the heating process, in situ high-temperature XRD analysis was performed under vacuum conditions. The results indicated that ZnMn<inf>2</inf>O<inf>4</inf> transformed into the ZnO-MnO composite phase starting from 500 °C and that this composite structure was retained until 700 °C. The electrochemical performances of the ZnO-MnO composite electrode were evaluated through galvanostatic discharge-charge tests and cyclic voltammetry analysis. Its initial coulombic efficiency was significantly improved to 68.3% compared to that of ZnMn<inf>2</inf>O<inf>4</inf> at 54.7%. Furthermore, the ZnO-MnO composite exhibited improved cycling performance and enhanced rate capability compared with untreated ZnMn<inf>2</inf>O<inf>4</inf>. To clarify the discharge-charge mechanism of the ZnO-MnO composite electrode, the structural changes during the charge and discharge processes were also investigated using ex situ XRD and TEM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23496-23502
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume17
Issue number36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 12

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Lithium
electric batteries
Anodes
Electrodes
anodes
lithium
Ions
Temperature
composite materials
Composite materials
Fourier Analysis
Vacuum
Heating
ions
electrodes
Industrial heating
composite structures
Composite structures
Cyclic voltammetry
Lithium-ion batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Enhanced electrochemical performance of a ZnO-MnO composite as an anode material for lithium ion batteries. / Song, Min Seob; Nahm, Sahn; Cho, Won Il; Lee, Chongmok.

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 17, No. 36, 12.08.2015, p. 23496-23502.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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