Enhanced electromechanical performance of P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) thin films hybridized with highly dispersed carbon blacks

Nguyen Dien Kha Tu, Myoung Sub Noh, Youngpyo Ko, Jong Ho Kim, Chong-Yun Kang, Heesuk Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


The fluoride-based electrostrictive terpolymers are attractive in electromechanical applications. To obtain high electromechanical performance, the terpolymers are hybridized with various fillers such as carbon materials. However, the previous hybrid films have been fabricated with thickness of 20–100 μm due to poor dispersion of the fillers, indicating that these electrostrictive films require high driving voltages of more than 200 V. Herein, we have demonstrated the electrostrictive P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) thin film hybridized with highly dispersed carbon blacks (CB). The CBs were chemically oxidized to improve the dispersion in the polymer matrix, thus leading to a successful fabrication of the oxidized CB/P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) hybrid films with 8 μm thickness using solution casting method. The P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) thin film with 2.75 wt% oxidized CB shows 1.6 fold increased dielectric constant and maximum polarization with low loss factor compared to the pure terpolymer. These enhancements of the 8 μm thick hybrid film enable to yield useful mechanical output at low driving voltages below 100 V. To evaluate the electromechanical performance of hybrid thin films, a unimorph cantilever was fabricated. With a low applied voltage of 90 V, the cantilever based on P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) thin film with 2.75 wt% oxidized CB produces a displacement twice as high as that of the pure terpolymer. These results provide the first feasibility study of electrostrictive composites for practical applications, particularly human-related applications requiring a low driving voltage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-138
Number of pages6
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 1



  • Carbon black
  • Composites
  • Dielectric properties
  • Electromechanical properties
  • PVDF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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