An optical scattering layer composed of randomly dispersed nanopatterns (RDNPs) was introduced in an organic lightemitting diode (OLED) to increase the out-coupling efficiency. An RDNP was fabricated by direct printing on a glass substrate. Owing to its low haze and high transmittance, the RDNP acted as a light extraction layer in the OLED. The RDNP OLEDs showed higher current density and luminance than the reference devices at the same voltage. The current and power efficiencies of the RDNP OLED increased by 25% and 34%, respectively, without electrical degradation. Furthermore, the RDNP devices achieved an external quantum efficiency of 27.5% at 1 mA/cm2.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics