We observed a significant enhancement in light output from GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) in which two-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) patterns were integrated. Two-dimensional square-lattice air-hole array patterns with a period that varied from 300 to 700 nm were generated by laser holography. Unlike the commonly utilized electron-beam lithographic technique, the holographic method can make patterns over a large area with high throughput. The resultant PC-LED devices with a pattern period of ∼500 nm had more than double the output power, as measured from the top of the device. The experimental observations are qualitatively consistent with the results of three-dimensional finite-difference-time-domain simulation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)