Enhanced Message-Passing Based LEACH Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

Jaeyoung Kang, Illsoo Sohn, Sang Hyun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper proposes a distributed energy-efficient clustering protocol for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Based on low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH) protocol, the proposed LEACH-eXtended Message-Passing (LEACH-XMP) substantially improves a cluster formation algorithm, which is critical for WSN operations. Unlike the previous approaches, a realistic non-linear energy consumption model is considered, which renders the clustering optimization highly nonlinear and challenging. To this end, a state-of-the-art message-passing approach is introduced to develop an efficient distributed algorithm. The main benefits of the proposed technique are its inherent nature of a distributed algorithm and the saving of computational load imposed for each node. Thus, it proves useful for a practical deployment. In addition, the proposed algorithm rapidly converges to a very accurate solution within a few iterations. Simulation results ensure that the proposed LEACH-XMP maximizes the network lifetime and outperforms existing techniques consistently.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSensors (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 25

Keywords

  • LEACH
  • message passing
  • nonlinear power consumption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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