Enhanced mobility of confined polymers

Kyusoon Shin, Sergei Obukhov, Jiun Tai Chen, June Huh, Yoontae Hwang, Soonchun Mok, Priyanka Dobriyal, Pappannan Thiyagarajan, Thomas P. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

216 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Non-classical behaviour, brought about by a confinement that imposes spatial constraints on molecules, is opening avenues to novel applications. For example, carbon nanotubes, which show rapid and selective transport of small molecules across the nanotubes, have significant potential as biological or chemical separation materials for organic solvents or gaseous molecules. With polymers, when the dimensions of a confining volume are much less than the radius of gyration, a quantitative understanding of perturbations to chain dynamics due to geometric constraints remains a challenge and, with the development of nanofabrication processes, the dynamics of confined polymers have significant technological implications. Here, we describe a weak molecular-weight-dependent mobility of polymers confined within nanoscopic cylindrical pores having diameters smaller than the dimension of the chains in the bulk. On the basis of the chain configuration along the pore axis, the measured mobility of polymers in the confined geometry is much higher than the mobility of the unconfined chain. With the emergence of nanofabrication processes based on polymer flow, the unexpected enhancement in flow and reduction in intermolecular entanglements are of significant importance in the design and execution of processingstrategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)961-965
Number of pages5
JournalNature Materials
Volume6
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Shin, K., Obukhov, S., Chen, J. T., Huh, J., Hwang, Y., Mok, S., Dobriyal, P., Thiyagarajan, P., & Russell, T. P. (2007). Enhanced mobility of confined polymers. Nature Materials, 6(12), 961-965. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2031