Enhanced production of 3-hydroxypropionic acid from glucose and xylose by alleviation of metabolic congestion due to glycerol flux in engineered Escherichia coli

Woong Heo, Jun Hee Kim, Sooah Kim, Kyong Heon Kim, Hyo Jin Kim, Jin Ho Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Among platform chemicals obtained from renewable biomass, 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) has attracted considerable attention. A GC/TOF-MS study revealed that the intracellular metabolites of the TCA cycle and fatty acid synthesis increased in JHS01302, a galP-overexpressing strain of Escherichia coli, during glucose and xylose co-fermentation. Decreased intracellular glycerol levels and increased intracellular biosynthesis of 3-HP were also detected in the strain. Based on these results, the yeast GPD1 gene was replaced with the endogenous gpsA gene to modulate the rate of glycerol metabolism. In flask cultures, JHS01304 containing the gpsA gene displayed 43% lower glycerol accumulation and 52% higher 3-HP production than the control. JHS01304 produced 37.6 g/L 3-HP with a productivity rate of 0.63 g/L/h and yield of 0.17 g/g in the fed-batch fermentation. The metabolome analysis provided valuable information for alleviating the metabolic burden of glycerol flux to improve the production of 3-HP during glucose and xylose co-fermentation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121320
JournalBioresource technology
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug


  • 3-Hydroxypropionic acid
  • Escherichia coli
  • Fed-batch fermentation
  • Glucose and xylose co-fermentation
  • Metabolic engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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