Enhanced stability of Co catalysts supported on phosphorus-modified Al2O3 for dry reforming of CH4

Jung Hyun Park, Suyeon Yeo, Tae Jin Kang, Iljeong Heo, Kwan Young Lee, Tae Sun Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phosphorous-modified γ-Al2O3 support is used to prepare cobalt-based catalysts (CoP(x)Al, x = 0–4 wt%) for dry reforming of methane (DRM). From the studied catalysts, CoAl displays the highest conversions of CH4 and CO2 at the initial stage due to good cobalt dispersion. However, both conversions decrease significantly after 20 h on stream due to the formation of inactive CoAl2O4 phase through the reaction of oxidized CoOx with the alumina surface. For the CoP(x)Al catalysts, although the initial CH4 and CO2 conversions decrease gradually as the phosphorus loadings increased, all catalysts show more stable catalytic activity than the CoAl catalyst. Formation of aluminum phosphate (AlPO4) on the alumina surface can be achieved by the addition of phosphorus. The AlPO4 phase has the capacity to suppress the formation of CoAl2O4 phase. Phosphorous loadings on alumina surface of up to 1–2 wt% exerted positive effect on catalyst stability, whereas loadings above this threshold exerted opposite effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-87
Number of pages11
JournalFuel
Volume212
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 15

Fingerprint

Reforming reactions
Catalyst supports
Phosphorus
Catalysts
Aluminum Oxide
Alumina
Coal
Cobalt
Methane
Catalyst activity
Phosphates
Aluminum

Keywords

  • Cobalt catalyst
  • Cobalt oxidation
  • Dry reforming of methane
  • Inactive CoAlO phase
  • Phosphorus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Enhanced stability of Co catalysts supported on phosphorus-modified Al2O3 for dry reforming of CH4 . / Park, Jung Hyun; Yeo, Suyeon; Kang, Tae Jin; Heo, Iljeong; Lee, Kwan Young; Chang, Tae Sun.

In: Fuel, Vol. 212, 15.01.2018, p. 77-87.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Park, Jung Hyun ; Yeo, Suyeon ; Kang, Tae Jin ; Heo, Iljeong ; Lee, Kwan Young ; Chang, Tae Sun. / Enhanced stability of Co catalysts supported on phosphorus-modified Al2O3 for dry reforming of CH4 In: Fuel. 2018 ; Vol. 212. pp. 77-87.
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AU - Lee, Kwan Young

AU - Chang, Tae Sun

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AB - Phosphorous-modified γ-Al2O3 support is used to prepare cobalt-based catalysts (CoP(x)Al, x = 0–4 wt%) for dry reforming of methane (DRM). From the studied catalysts, CoAl displays the highest conversions of CH4 and CO2 at the initial stage due to good cobalt dispersion. However, both conversions decrease significantly after 20 h on stream due to the formation of inactive CoAl2O4 phase through the reaction of oxidized CoOx with the alumina surface. For the CoP(x)Al catalysts, although the initial CH4 and CO2 conversions decrease gradually as the phosphorus loadings increased, all catalysts show more stable catalytic activity than the CoAl catalyst. Formation of aluminum phosphate (AlPO4) on the alumina surface can be achieved by the addition of phosphorus. The AlPO4 phase has the capacity to suppress the formation of CoAl2O4 phase. Phosphorous loadings on alumina surface of up to 1–2 wt% exerted positive effect on catalyst stability, whereas loadings above this threshold exerted opposite effect.

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